Endnotes and References
1 on p 4 Endnote 1 from page 4 this work has extensive references to sources. The endnotes are just numbers within brackets which point to the actual references in Endnotes. This is the same method as IEEE also used in Wikipedia.

2 "Age of the Earth". U.S. Geological Survey. 1997. Archived from the original on 23 December 2005. Retrieved 2006-01-10.
3 See Wikipedia “Age of the Earth” for many additional references.
4 https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-science-figured-out-the-age-of-the-earth
5 https://www.space.com/24854-how-old-is-earth.html
6 cosmosmagazine.com › palaeontology › big-five-extinctions
7 Carl Sagan Cosmos Science series
8 Planck Collaboration (2016) ."Planck 2015 results. XIII. Cosmological parameters (See PDF, page 32, Table 4, Age/Gyr, last column)" .Astronomy & Astrophysics. 594:
9. Also see Wikipedia for many other references I article “Age of the universe”
10 From Wikipedia, Petoskey stone
12 Statement by Carl Sagan Interview by Bill Rose
13. From Wikipedia Last Glacial Period
15 A M Cadillac in 1701 (Antoine de la Mothe, sieur de Cadillac) On July 24, 1701, Antoine de La Mothe-Cadillac founded Fort Pontchartrain and the parish of Sainte-Anne on the straits ("le détroit " in French)Wikipedia but there are many other sources for this also such as Yves F. Zoltvany. "Laumet, dit de Lamothe Cadillac, Antoine,.
16 clear water The water of Lake St Clair and the Detroit river were reported to be so clear one could see to the bottom. First rejport was by Antoine de la Mothe, sieur de Cadillac. Various commentaries on this area's water clarity have mentioned that after massive population growth and industrial growth after 1900 that the water quality went down. "Much of the land that surrounds the Detroit River is urbanized and, in some places, heavily industrialized. This has resulted in excessive water pollution from the long-term and unregulated dumping of chemicals, industrial waste, garbage and sewage. Much of the Detroit River and its shoreline were heavily polluted and unsafe for recreational use. The oil slicks and contaminated water around the mouth of the Detroit River at Lake Erie killed thousands of migrating birds after each spring thaw. The river's oxygen levels were depleted to the point where fish could not inhabit its waters. Because this pollution often drained into and affected Lake Erie, the lake was considered "dead" and unable to support aquatic life."
Hartig, John (17 July 2007). "The Detroit River's amazing comeback". Retrieved June 16, 2009. Swan, James (19 March 2009). "Return of the Detroit River's Charismatic Megafauna". Archived from the original on September 22, 2009. Retrieved June 16, 2009
17 mosquito problem. Most history books on the area indicate that mosquitoes were a problem from earliest settlement until present. They carred what the early settlers called ague which was like malaria and could incapacitate a strong man. In Daniel Stewarts Diaries he was occasionally so handicapped by this that he could not work despite the fact that he was a very strong man. Daniel J Stewarts Diaries. Published by Wesley E Arnold historian his great nephew.
18 medicine General knowledge about history tells us that in many areas such as the frontier and even in Michigan towns there were few doctors and those who called themselves doctors had little if any actual medical school training. In fact one could buy a big medical book which included a certificate or diploma. "There were few medicines that were good. No antibiotics next to no painkillers and not even aspirin were available. Often the medicine or so called cure was ineffective. Many women died in childbirth. Before 1920 many children died before age 5. There were often 2 to three child burials for each adult burial. Example records of St Clement Cemetery testify to this as mentioned in the text.
19 Diaries of a Michigan Farmer. Original handwritten diaries from 1872-1902. These recorded everyday life in those times.
20 Medical costs
21 Gort was a big powerful robot that was programmed to destroy anything that threatened the peace of mankind. It also had medical healing powers to help those in medical need. Tee the movie "The Day the Earth Stood Still. 1951. American black-and-white science fiction film from 20th Century Fox, produced by Julian Blaustein and directed by Robert Wise. The human like visitor states that he represents an interplanetary organization that created a police force of invincible robots like Gort. "In matters of aggression, we have given them absolute power over us" This movie was out long before Robocop. Gorts are powerful police that have the power to stop anyone tho threatens the peace. Wikipedia
22 Pontiac’s siege. When the British took over Detroit from the French in 1760 they became very unfriendly to the Indians who greatly outnumbered them. The British shorted them on ammunition, winter provisions and other things which the Indians had becomes accustomed to from the French. Chief Pontiac united several tribes attacked and laid siege against the Forts of the British including Detroit in May of 1763. Other forts were attacked and many Englishmen died. Settlers were also attacked and killed. But supply ships were able to restock the Fort and the Indians needed to prepare for winter so Pontiac had to give up in November. Read about this in any good history book. I chose one online at http://blogs.detroitnews.com/history/2000/06/13/chief-pontiacs-siege-of-detroit/ Which is a Blog by the Detroit News
23 Begging Indians The Indians had become dependent on European items so much that they now needed European items such as guns, ammunition pots, blankets etc. And because there were thousands of Indians hanging around Detroit the area was probably hunted out. Many left but many hung around hoping for more gifts from the Europeans. The ones who remained but had no means of support or money so they became begging Indians. There were small bands of Indians that lived just outside of the fort at Detroit from 1701 -1820. Ferris Lewis in his book my State and Its Story
24 British bullied Americans Look at any good history book and you will see the British mistreated the Americans which is why we had revolution.
25 Many Americans were murdered because of Indian raids led by the British. Ferris Lewis in his book my State and Its Story states "So murderous were these raids that the year 1777 is known in American History as the year of the three bloody sevens. Mutilated bodies with scalps gone, smoldering ashes of what was once a settler's cabin on the frontier, tales of horror and massacre; these marked the trail of the Indian raiders. Hundreds of settlers, thus perished before the Indians' guns and tomahawks." Many innocent people were also cruelly tortured. Who paid them for the scalps? Both the French and British provided this primitive people with scalping knives.
26. Bill of rights
27. The Patriot Act. The USA PATRIOT Act (commonly known as the Patriot Act) is an Act of the United States Congress that was signed into law by U.S. President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001. Permission was given to law enforcement to search a home or business without the owner's or the occupant's consent or knowledge; the expanded use of National Security Letters, which allows the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to search telephone, e-mail, and financial records without a court order; and the expanded access of law enforcement agencies to business records, including library and financial records. Since its passage, several legal challenges have been brought against the act, and federal courts have ruled that a number of provisions are unconstitutional. Wikipedia
28 The United States Military Commissions Act of 2006,[1] also known as HR-6166, was an Act of Congress. The Act's stated purpose was "to authorize trial by military commission for violations of the law of war, and for other purposes It prohibited detainees who had been classified as enemy combatants or were awaiting hearings on their status from using habeas corpus to petition federal courts in challenges to their detention. All pending habeas corpus cases at the federal district court were stayed. WashingtonWatch.com page on H.R. 6054: The Military Commissions Act of 2006. In Boumediene v. Bush (2008), the US Supreme Court held that section 7 of the MCA was unconstitutional because of its restrictions of detainee rights. It determined that detainees had the right to petition federal courts for habeas corpus challenges.
29 CBS News
30 RFID chips are little electronic circuit boards which can be as small as powder. Radio-frequency identification (RFID) uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track tags attached to objects. An RFID tag consists of a tiny radio transponder; a radio receiver and transmitter. When triggered by an electromagnetic interrogation pulse from a nearby RFID reader device, the tag transmits digital data, usually an identifying inventory number, back to the reader. This number can be used to inventory goods. Wikipedia In recent years passive chips can also be used to track anything including food that was eaten or in inventory, pills that have been ingested or using a combination of several chips on different items even people can be identified. They can be tracked if they pass by a scanner which is hooked up to a network. The good thing is if there were a bad batch of lettuce with e coli on it restaurants can scan their inventory and discover if they have any of the bad product. Doctors can also see which medicines people have taken. Also pills can be identified more quickly than looking at their shape and size. Scanners can be hidden in doorways so wallets with RFID chips on credit cards can reveal who comes and goes. These are a great anti theft took as scanners at checkouts can track what is leaving the store and perhaps even send a bill to a thief. One can buy little trainspotting chips that can track your pet or your spouse or a criminal. Wikipedia
31 Universal Declaration of Human Rights
32 . Look at the history section of any World Almanac and you will see for all of mankind’s history war after war, killing, killing, killing. And if you study closer many were innocent peaceful persons often farmers working on their crops.
33. Iroquois genocide in Michigan 1650
34 Silas Farmer p 320 History of Detroit and Wayne County and Early Michigan
35. Universal Declaration Of Human Rights lists 28 rights. See the United Nations document at https://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/index.html
36. Joseph Wampler was the man who led the survey of the Warren area in 1817
37. Joseph Wampler notes start at page 1237.
38 Indian attacks. Europeans attacked the Indians and the Indians fought back. The British led Indian raids against settlers. Ferris Lewis in his book my State and Its Story (Located in the Center Line Public Library) states "So murderous were these raids that the year 1777 is known in American History as the year of the three bloody sevens. Mutilated bodies with scalps gone, smoldering ashes of what was once a settler's cabin on the frontier, tales of horror and massacre; these marked the trail of the Indian raiders. Hundreds of settlers, thus perished before the Indians' guns and tomahawks." Many innocent people were also cruelly tortured. And the carnage continued for years. The Trail of Tears was a series of forced relocations of approximately 60,000 Native Americans in the United States from their ancestral homelands in the Southeastern United States, to areas to the west of the Mississippi River Between 1830 and 1850, the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminole, and Cherokee people (including mixed-race and black slaves who lived among them) were forcibly removed from their traditional lands in the Southeastern United States, and later relocated farther west.[4] State and local militias forced Native Americans who were relocated to march to their destinations.[5] The Cherokee removal in 1838 (the last forced removal east of the Mississippi) was brought on by the discovery of gold near Dahlonega, Georgia in 1828, resulting in the Georgia Gold Rush.[6] Approximately 2,000–8,000 of the 16,543 relocated Cherokee perished along the way. Minges, Patrick (1998). "Beneath the Underdog: Race, Religion, and the Trail of Tears". US Data Repository. Archived from the original on October 11, 2013. Retrieved January 13, 2013. "Indian removal". PBS. Archived from the original on April 18, 2010. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
Inskeep, Steve (2015). Jackson land: President Jackson, Cherokee Chief John Ross, and a Great American Land Grab. New York: Penguin Press. pp. 332–333. ISBN 978-1-59420-556-9.
39. State Road according to Gerald L Neil HISTORY OF WARREN, MICHIGAN, 1837-1976 by NEIL, GERALD L. NEIL, GERALD L. Publication Date 1977
40. First road built by Christian Indians was the rough road from Mt Clemens along the high spots next to creeks such as Bear Creek, then Connor s Creek down to Connor's Mill where corn could be ground.
41 Here is what one settler reported about the Indians: The women cultivated Indian corn, beans, peas, squashes and melons. The Indians danced, and play games such as la Crosse. In summer most of the men went naked except for a breech cloth and moccasins. Some wear fancy clothes with lots of vermillion and buffalo hide robes in the winter. many paint their bodies in colorful colors. They often play village against village with heavy betting. (Silas Farmer p 322)
Regarding the Hurons Silas quotes a French memoir. They are the most industrious nation they can be seen the scarcely dance are a always at work raise a very large amount of Indian corn, peas, beans, some grow wheat but they construct their huts entirely of bark. very strong and solid very lofty and very long in arch like arbors. Their fort is strongly encircled with pickets and bastions well redoubled and have strong gates. They are the most faithful nation to the French and most expert hunters we have. Their cabins are divided into sleeping compartments which contain their miscellaneous and are very clean. They are the bravest of all nations and possess considerable talent. They are well clad. Some of them wear close overcoats the men are always hunting summer and winter and the women work. When they go hunting in the fall a goodly number remain to guard their fort. The old women and through out the winter the other women who remain gather wood in large quantity. The soil is very fertile. Indian corn grows there to the height of ten to twelve feet. Their fields are very clean and very extensive. Not the smallest weed is to be seen in them. (Silas Farmer p 322 History of Detroit and Wayne County and Early Michigan )
42 American Scalps were paraded daily thru Detroit. Sometimes the Indians won. In 1790 scalps of American soldiers were paraded daily thru the streets of Detroit accompanied by the demoniac scalp-yells of the warriors who had taken them. (Silas Farmer p 265) Not all Indians agreed with treaties that cheated them out of their lands and they continued to fight when ever and where ever they could often killing innocent settlers.
43 Having had thousands of settlers massacred, the Americans went on the attack. They raised militias and armies. American settlers often cruelly attacked innocent and harmless Indians such as the Moravians who were gentle, and peace loving. Dunbar, Willis F. Michigan A History of the Wolverine State. Grand Rapids: William B Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1965
General George Rogers Clark and about five hundred frontiersmen led raids against the Indians and the French. Their call was that the only good Indian was a dead Indian.
44 The American victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, and the presence of Wayne’s army, forced the British to leave Michigan. On July 11, 1796, the American flag was raised over Detroit. In general after 1820 what few Indians that had not fled or been killed lived in peace with the settlers. They realized that they were outnumbered and that their hunting, gathering, killing way of life was doomed. Cleland, Charles E. Rites of Conquest The history and Culture of Michigan's Native Americans. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press 1992.
45. water clear see note above
46 bribes It is common knowledge that both state and federal legislators receive gifts *campaign contributions" etc from those who would like special interest legislation passed. The loaded Supreme Court even OKed a law that they did not have to report the amounts. This is in fact much of how things are done around the world like it or not. And of course the working family gets cheated in this process. Federal Congress gets jointly over a 1.2 billion dollars to over 2 billion a year. Divide that by under 600 congress members and associates and that is at least 2 million a year. Even if half actually went to campaigns that is still over a million a year. How much did you give your congressman last year. Who is your congressman going to favor in legislation?
47. Cholera Silas Farmer p 49 stated epidemics were common.
48. Influenza epidemic killed 25 million
49. Abel Warren settled in area 1824 George Fuller in “Historic Michigan and Leeson Michael A. History of Macomb County, Michigan: containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources...churches, schools and societies; portraits of prominent men and early settlers. Chicago, M. A. Leeson & co. 1882 pp.852 and others
50. Charles Groesbeck settled in 1830 per US government land office records. See Bureau of Land Management records site https://glorecords.blm.gov/default.aspx
51. Abe’s Circuit. Abel warren walked into several counties preaching the gospel and is mentioned in several history books. George Fuller in “Historic Michigan
52. Beebe toll road Gerald Neil and locals reported that John (I found in records he also went by James) Beebe who was an early settler and tinsmith also was involved with the planked road and toll gate on the cranberry marsh on Mound road just south of the Warren Village. Later Mr. Strong was employed as toll taker. Occupation recorded in the US Census.
53. Beebe’s Corners is found as a location in the census
54. Abel Warren war of 1812 Index of names in Past and present of Macomb County, Michigan by Robert F. Eldredge, Chicago, 1905
55. Abel Warren preacher From the History of Macomb County. Leeson 1882
56. Abel Warren trail story was from Index of names in Past and present of Macomb County, Michigan by Robert F. Eldredge, Chicago, 1905
57. Aba Township. Gerald Neil stated that the Township Records showed that Warren was first called Hickory Township than changed to Aba then to Warren Township. Of course these records are now gone.
58. city Council naming Warren see comments in nest endnote below.
59. Joseph Warren was mentioned by Gerald Neil in his history of Warren as the one the city council favored as the one to say the city would be named after. However Harold Stilwell disagreed and stated it should be Abel Warren. But the councilmen liked the idea of naming the city after a revolutionary hero and Joseph Warren had been shot in the battle of bunker hill. But the fact of that the pioneers did not know of goes warren at all and it probably never heard it from and they knew Abel warren very well because he presided at more weddings and more funerals than anyone else and he was well loved. And they named as the township a after Abel warren but decided later to change it from aba which was his nickname to Warren.
60. A Warren Township organizational meeting was in the township records which are now lost but they also were recorded in several other places so we have it. This was according to Township records which local historians reported from like Robert F. Eldredge, Leeson , and Gerald Neil.
61. Kunrod’s Corners Anna Kluck. Anna was a beautiful writer. She was the first that I know of to mention Kunrod's corners. This was in an article written for the Star Reporter in Center Line. I am looking for the date but it was prior to 1960.
62. Diary of A Michigan Farmer was written daily for 30 years by Daniel J Stewart from 186201902.
63. population
64. Kunrod’s corners see note above. But I did not find evidence of Kunrods as a tavern or occupation until the 1880s when Civil war veteran Lewis Conrod and his wife ran a tavern. The family had owned property in the area in the late 1840s so it is possible but Louis would have only been a boy then.
65. Civil War Deaths keeps growing as historians seem to find more people that were killed or died of diseases during this terrible time.
66. Michigan Civil War deaths
67. Virginia peace conference
68. from my picture collection unused
69. Warren Village 1893 The Township records showed that Warren became a Village in 1893. The Warren Township records were stolen then lost.
70. Who’s Who. I have created a Who's Who of notable persons in Warren and Center Line Area history. This has over 1000 entries and is growing. It starts on page 17,001 and continues to 21,012 and is growing. Note half of that is empty assigned pages to allow for additions since this work is ongoing.
71 Another source I used for general background and reference was Michigan A History of the Great Lakes State by Bruce A Rubenstein and Lawrence E Ziewacz. I actually took a College Class in this at Macomb Community College and this was the Book Brian our teacher used. I earned an A in that college class and was able to contribute much to it. It was a tough college class which consisted of a term paper and four long two hour essay exams. I have done some Doctoral work but that was one of the toughest classes I ever had. I learned a lot and now have forgotten much. (Just for the record I did not continue with the Doctoral work because I had to support a family, had to work to do this and simply did not have the time or money to continue. Besides I like my title now of Professor better and it is good enough. I actually was turned down on many K-12 jobs because school districts did not want to pay the higher wages they had to pay me because I had already earned a Masters Degree. I was going to school district offices dropping off resumes back them and one secretary said to me as I was leaving "You know sir I will be throwing your Resume away. I stopped and asked why. She said "see that file cabinet there. I already have many applications of qualified teachers with Bachelors degrees but we cannot afford to pay you the higher rate your Masters degree requires us to pay.") I had gone with the Masters degree on advice from Wayne State counselors who said that there was a big teacher shortage and the Masters degree would help me get a job. Well it actually ended up in causing me to have to work as an adult education part time teacher for years because no one would hire me with that Masters degree in Teaching.
72 Records of St Paul Church were kept in German which was the native language of most of its members in those early days.
73. Comparison Christian compared with others. This was actually by request but is turns out to be very enlightening and even shocking when the actual true history is revealed. America and the Western Culture is based on Christian background and ideals. The sources include an 800 page and very detailed history by Ibn Ishasq (and accurate because it is verified by many other reports about this king of Arabia) is the best source and shows his actual actions and practice. I have been accused of blasphemy, lying and other high crimes but I am only quoting actual truthful histories as reported by people in those times. Unfortunately there are many who would shoot the messenger like the runner who reported the truth that the battle was lost was killed for reporting the truth because sometimes people don't like to hear the truth. Thomas Jefferson said that he sought to always follow the path to truth no matter where it led. Most great thinkers and scientists agree that we need to live and educate and take actions based on the truth falsehoods or uneducated obsolete opinions not historically accurate or scientifically proved. Both computers and people need accurate truthful information coming in or else we get garbage going out. There is a saying in the computer world that if you put garbage data in you get garbage information out.
74 forgot source unused
75 Liberty theater was built in Center Line and the 1930s then it had $8,000 organ which was a lot of money in those days and it was also used for theatrical productions. There was a theater group that the Schoenherrs were active in. Eventually the movies came and and later when television came in and the movie attendance droped down it became a church for Rev. Hart to and then later he Collision shop.
76 water problems Harold Stilwell
77. Victrola personal experience. As a child I remember our Victrola record player. You had to wind up a crank and it would play all by itself after you set the needle carefully on top of the record. And it played reasonably loud so the music would fill the entire Room. There was no electricity involved. It had a storage cabinet in the bottom for the 78 records also had a speed control you can speed them up and slow it down. It had interchangeable steel needles. The top and was well designed and when it was closed it looked like a piece of furniture.
78. U.S.O. girl letter. The Blue Star Mothers held an event at the U.S.O. in Warren over by Fitzgerald school which has one of the three remaining oldest U.S.O. buildings left in the United States. An old woman approached me and wanted to show me these pictures and letter which she wanted me to photograph. She stated when she was 16 she would sneak away from home and go over to the U.S.O. and dance with the servicemen. There were more good pictures to be copied but Sue Keffer told the lady in charge that I would be stealing the pictures or selling them so the lady in charge ordered me to stop taking pictures. However I am a historian and am just preserving our history. The warren Historical Society did not take any pictures and now those old pictures which are now totally lost because the old woman has died. So now we have lost these valuable pictures. By the way I don't steal or sell pictures. I record them for history and put them out there for all future generations to see. I give all my stuff away for free. I just preserve local history before it is lost and now thanks to the Warren Historical Society this bit of history is lost. It is a shame when the alleged historical society is more interested in being a social group for self glorification rather than preserving our history which I have had to do because they have failed in this. I still fully support their historical efforts. In fact the first day I walked in their door I said I have hundreds of pictures for you. And the next time I go there I will say everything I have is still yours free of charge. My time left here alive is very short so my mission is to preserve as much local history as I can and help preserve our freedoms. I created an archive for libraries and future generations to use. I am not interested in being part of a social clique or in self glorification.
79. Pearl Harbor attack occurred when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor Hawaii on December 7, 1941.
80. George Schultz was a nice man who risked his life to save other soldiers. We had several good conversations. His wife Madalyn and him visited the invasion sites in France more than once and were welcomed by the French people.
81. WWII was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from more than 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 70 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.
Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937,[b] though neither side had declared war on the other. World War II is generally said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom. From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, and formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan
82. WWII John Kern A short history of Michigan by Kern, John. Kern, John. Publication Date 1977 1976
83. POWs abused by japs Edwards, Sgt. Jack former POW #159 and Walter, Jimmy. BANZAI YOU BASTARDS! Publisher: The Pioneers Printers Ltd. (1997) and Hong Kong: Publisher : Corporate Communications, Publication Date : 1991-05-28 http://www.powtaiwan.org/index.html
84. Cramer Homes located in Center Line Michigan
85. TV We had all of three stations for several years.
86 from Gerald L Neil HISTORY OF WARREN, MICHIGAN, 1837-1976 by NEIL, GERALD L. NEIL, GERALD L. Publication Date 1977
87. Tool & Die shops. There used to be dozens of these all over warren.
88. Motor City Theater and rink story see archive
89. PPPP
90. Van Dale Theater was on Van Dyke near 9 Mile and was listed in several newspapers and Fred Gimmill also told me about it. Fred was very active in Warren government actions in the 1970s
91. Bowling was big in the Warren area. Bowling is a target sport and recreational activity in which a player rolls or throws a bowling ball toward pins (in pin bowling) In pin bowling, the goal is to knock over pins at the end of a lane, with either two or three balls per frame allowed to knock down all pins. A strike is achieved when all the pins are knocked down on the first roll, and a spare is achieved if all the pins are knocked over on a second roll. Although actually going in America by 1895 I did not find when the first bowling alley was actually built in our area. Although there was some bowling going in the 1920s probably most alleys weren’t built until after WWII. Ma Zotts on Van Dyke at 10 1/2 Mile and Pasttime Lanes had bowling in the 1940s

But here is something you may not know. Lanes have a wood or synthetic surface onto which protective lubricating oil is applied in different specified oil patterns that vary ball path trajectories and characteristics. There were many bowling alleys in Warren. About 1950, the Golden Age of Ten-Pin Bowling began, in which professional bowlers made salaries rivaling those of baseball, football, and hockey players; this ended in the late 1970s. Wikipedia
92. Steam ships. I personally was on the Greater Detroit a sidewheeler with a beautiful interior. It was a floating hotel and dance emporium, We went on the SS Put in Bay to Put in Bay. Of course the Boblo Boats carried by far the most passengers. All these had enjoyable relaxing cruses with moving scenery.
93, Library plan Warren had an actual library plan in which no child would be more than 1.5 miles from a local library.
94. Not everything is on Internet. There is a great amount of information that is not on the Internet.
95. Richest Community read the line. This was true because of GM.
96. unused
97. office automation. When I went to work at a Chrysler engineering facility there was a huge typing pool and I was a time card clerk who assisted the engineers fill out IBM cards which were used to process the payroll using a room sized computer. Each boss had a secretary also. Well in a few years personal computers were brought in and the engineers and bosses (except the top executives of course) lost their secretaries and all of the typists in the typing pools around the USA were laid off as were the time card clerks. Even the room sized computer was replaced by one 1/10 the size which was better and faster. So also went the elevator and linotype operators. Nine out of 10 accountants were laid off as one accountant and a personal computer with Lotus 123 could do their job even better than they could and faster.
98 Kmart closing. Kmart should have been around forever because they had the market and the best deals. But their top executives and board members got greedy and reputedly gave themselves big raises and additional benefits adding up to millions of dollars. Then they added golden parachutes. Soon Kmart could not show a profit because of this and they sold off the company at a huge loss to its workers who depended on it for jobs and for a living. The executives used their golden parachutes to retire to Florida and Bahamas to luxury mansions and the workers got screwed.
99. Demolition Derby I remember Fred Wold on TV at the Motor City Speedway in Warren at Schoenherr and 8 Mile. The kids favorite was the demolition derby where at the end of the show a few drivers in old cars would race around and eventually wreck each others cars.
101 Warren Coop began as the Wilson mill and lasted for many years. The idea was for farmers to pool their resources to get better selling prices and also get lower prices on things they needed like feed, coal, oil etc. It was like the Grange movement. John Rinke was a big shot there. See the story in the text.
102 Moore Store. It is still there. See Fred Gimmill's comments in the text.
103 side saddles were special saddles for women that allowed them to face the front but hook one leg over a bump so that both feet were on the left side of the horse because it was considered more ladylike. Do a Google search and you can see a diagram of one. Many girls and women chose to ride on regular double sided saddles.
104 Warren Hotel. There actually were several hotels in Warren in the 1800s. See the occupations pages to see who the hotel keepers were.
105 First railroads I am looking for the reference but there was a railroad that went north prior to 1872.
106 unused
107 Busch Class. Here is one but I have pictures of every page of every existing Busch yearbook.
108 Van Dyke businesses. See my listings by street.
109 Youngs was a popular greenhouse, hardware and Christmas store for many years. After the fire the business lessened. I talked with old Clem Young who was an interesting character. Cindy his daughter was getting older and wanted to retire so when Kutchy made an offer they took it.
110 Kutchy. Dave Kutchy had a vegetable building on 10 Mile west of Ryan across from another vegetable market for years. He saw a chance to expand and bought into Young's
111 Dave Garroway was the founding host and anchor of NBC's Today from 1952 to 1961. His easygoing and relaxing style belied a lifelong battle with depression. Wikipedia
112 J T Wing was a commercial sailing ship on the Great Lakes which became a Ship museum.
113 Schoenbherr drain is a huge double drain under Schoenherr road.
114 MC30 was my boy scout troop and explorer pose. We specialized in emergency preparedness.
115 Dr Osowski Mansion is probably the largest mansion in Warren and sets in a wilderness area on Bear creek. Many of us would like to see it made into a nature center.
118 Quran What is this doing here? Well three reasons. 1. It is part of Warren History like it or not. 2. Many Warren Citizens now believe it it's teachings. and 3 because it is important to know about. see http://thereligionofpeace.com for the facts.

119 abuse of women see http://thereligionofpeace.com for the facts.
120 orders
121 Lives gone We have lost over 8,000 of your young people needlessly in Iraq and Afghanistan for what? Was it worth even one of these young peoples lives?
122 Geodesic domes. A geodesic dome is a hemispherical thin-shell structure (lattice-shell) based on a geodesic polyhedron. The triangular elements of the dome are structurally rigid and distribute the structural stress throughout the structure, making geodesic domes able to withstand very heavy loads for their size. says Wikipedia. Buckminister Fuller was an early advocate. These are the strongest structures for made for their size and weight and have been put to many great uses. They hold much promise for future use. See the text on page 94.
123 Strongest material in the world is graphene whish s an allotrope of carbon in the form of a single layer of atoms in a two-dimensional hexagonal lattice in which one atom forms each vertex. Wikipedia. In the near future once they figure out how to produce it is stronger than steel and thinner than the thinnest paper. It can also be used to make efficient solar collectors.
124 Watson is the name for an IBM mainframe computer which is now the best doctor in the world and has already beat all of the smartest humans in Jeopardy. It actually is the best doctor in the world because it was given artificial Intelligence and learns from all of the medical studies and results of treatment which is beyond the capability of human doctors. Because young doctors to be are opting out of being general practitioners because the many lawsuits you may in the future just see a nurse practitioner with a smart fone with Watson on it who dictates the questions, processes the answers, makes the diagnosis and advises in the best treatment based on experience of thousands of others.
125 robots in factories. The ones you have seen are expensive require technicians to build and run them and just do a specific job. These are the old kind of robot. There is a new kind that has artificial Intelligence built in and learns from talking to people or reading data. These are going to replace millions of human jobs. See the video on YouTube "Humans Need Not Apply" by Grey. THIS IS A MUST SEE.
126 store robots. Lowes is experimenting with a store robot who roams the aisles taking inventory, answering customers questions because it has been given AI and has the knowledge of a 30 year senior store worker. You can also show it something and it can tell you how many the store has in stock and will take you to the place where the item is. It does all this without pay or vacations or smoking breaks.
127 Humans need not apply. This video is extremely informative about how bots which are automated programs and robots are going to be replacing human jobs very soon. See the video on YouTube "Humans Need Not Apply" by Grey.. THIS IS A MUST SEE.
128 Baxter is a general purpose robot a new kind that has artificial Intelligence built in and learns from talking to people or reading data. These are going to replace millions of human jobs. See the video on YouTube "Humans Need Not Apply" by Grey. THIS IS A MUST SEE.
129 robots See several notes just above this one.
130 Venus project. The Venus Project is a non-profit organization that presents a new socio-economic model utilizing science and technology toward social betterment to achieve a sustainable civilization of abundance for all, without exception. It uses many of the ideas of Jacque Fresco See the website for more details https://www.thevenusproject.com/
131 Jacque Fresco. Fresco worked at Douglas Aircraft Company in California during the late 1930s. He presented designs including a flying wing and a disk-shaped aircraft. Some of his designs were considered impractical at the time and Fresco's design ideas were not adopted. Fresco resigned from Douglas because of design disagreements. Fresco was commissioned by Earl "Madman" Muntz, to design low cost housing. Muntz invested $500,000 seed money in the project. Fresco, 32 years old at the time, along with his associates Harry Giaretto and Eli Catran conceived, designed and engineered a project house called the Trend Home. Fresco came closest to traditional career success with this project. Built mostly of aluminum and glass, it was on prominent display at Stage 8 of the Warner Bros. Sunset Lot in Hollywood for three months. The home could be toured for one dollar, with proceeds going to the Cancer Prevention Society. In the summer of 1948=. In the late 1940s, Fresco created and was director of Scientific Research Laboratories in Los Angeles. Here he also gave lectures, and taught technical design, meanwhile researching and working on inventions as a freelance inventor and scientific consultant.[In Miami Fresco presented designs of a circular city. Fresco made his living working as an industrial designer for various companies such as Alcoa and the Major Realty Corporation.
In 1961, with Pietro Belluschi and C. Frederick Wise, Fresco collaborated on a project known as the Sandwich House. Consisting of mostly prefabricated components, partitions, and aluminum, the project sold houses for $2,950, or $7,500 with foundation and all internal installations. During this period, Fresco supported his projects by designing prefabricated aluminum devices through Jacque Fresco Enterprises Inc. From 1955 to 1969 Fresco named his social ideas "Project Americana". Looking Forward was published in 1969. Author Ken Keyes Jr., and Jacque Fresco coauthored the book. Looking Forward is a speculative look at the future. The authors picture an ideal 'cybernetic society in which want has been banished and work and personal possessions no longer exist; individual gratification is the total concern'. Sociocyberneering, Inc.
Fresco formed "Sociocyberneering", a membership organization claiming 250 members, according to an interview with Fresco. He hosted lectures in Miami Beach and Coral Gables Fresco promoted his organization by lecturing at universities and appearing on radio and television. Although Fresco is presented as a 'Doctor' on the Larry King show there is no evidence of that being the case. Fresco did not complete high school. Fresco's "sociocyberneering" as a membership group was discontinued and land was purchased at another location in rural Venus, Florida. He established his home and research center there.
The Venus Project. Fresco, with Meadows, supported the project in the 1990s through freelance inventing, industrial engineering, conventional architectural modeling, and invention consultations. In 2002, Fresco published his main work The Best That Money Can't Buy. In 2006, William Gazecki directed the semi-biographical film about Fresco, Future by Design.In 2008, Peter Joseph featured Fresco in the film Zeitgeist Addendum where his ideas of the future were given as possible alternatives. Peter Joseph, founder of the Zeitgeist Movement began advocating Fresco's approach.
In 1942, Fresco was drafted into the United States Army. He was assigned technical design duties for the United States Army Air Forces at Wright Field design laboratories in Dayton, Ohio. One design he produced was a "radical variable camber wing" with which he attempted to optimize flight control by allowing the pilot to adjust the thickness and lift of the wings during flight. Throughout 2010, Fresco traveled with Meadows, worldwide to promote interest in the Venus Project. In April 2012, Roxanne Meadows released a film, Paradise or Oblivion, summarizing the goals and proposals of the Venus Project. In June 2012, Maja Borg screened her film, Future My Love, at the Edinburgh International Film Festival featuring the work of Fresco and Roxanne Meadows. Fresco died on May 18, 2017 in his sleep at his home in Sebring, Florida, from complications of Parkinson's disease at the age of 101
Roxanne Meadows assisted Fresco from 1976. As Fresco's domestic partner and administrative colleague, she oversees much of the management of the Venus Project. In July 2016, Jacque Fresco received a Novus Summit award for City Design/Community. Novus Summit is supported by UN DESA (United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs). see https://www.thevenusproject.com/ and Wikipedia for details and more sources
132 subways. Subways are efficient as steel wheel on rails is the most efficient current technology but levitating them is even better. Being put underground can make the free of weather related things like snow, ice, tornadoes, hurricanes and if properly done even floods. Plus the temperature is around 68 degrees year round so this saves money on heating and cooling. Plus these can be combined with shopping malls underground which can make them easy to get to for seniors and everyone without traffic or parking hassles. Plus they can be created largely by tunneling machines which can do most of the work.
133 tunneling machines can do most of the work in creating tunnels.
134 Ample for All is a book I researched which has come to pass. Just go to Walmart and you will see everything most people need except affordable cars, medical care and housing. The problem is the rich are hogging the profits not paying working people living wages. If they paid more the rich could still be rich and the poor could buy much more improving the economy.
135 1 in 5 children hungry this is true in the USA in Warren and around the world. And it is totally unnecessary and fixable.
136 children in poverty
137 Corporate profits Corporations are making record profits but not many are not paying workers livable wages.
138 cutting down workers hours is a cruel thing done to increase profits of corporations but hurts people
139 waste of taxpayer dollars. See Boondogglers page
140 200 corporations pay 0 taxes

201 buggy 3 Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (LC-USZ62-10606)

224 Andrea Doria On 26 July 1956, the SS Andrea Doria sank after floating for 11 hours but 46 people died. The passengers were terrified because the ship was sinking and severely listing so half of the lifeboats were unusable and no instructions were given to the passengers in a language, they could understand so panic reigned.
226 returning stolen memorials is the right thing to do to respect our soldiers who gave their lives for us.
235 see St Anne website

711. Grave stone robbers see Unknown known soldier page