Biographies and Notes on Citizens who Helped the Betterment of the Community of Warren Michigan Area In addition to this file on this website is a Growing autobiography book on CD. I have contacted many people and requested they write their autobiography for future generations and stated that it will be published on CD and book form and to be placed in our public library at a future date. There are some folks who prefer to keep it more private. I honor their wishes. If you would like to be remembered or if you have a family member that you would like to have remembered I provide you the opportunity to do so. This is a historic project and is not for any kind of profit. Not only should biographies be done but the story of the entire family. Who they were where did they come from where did they live what did they do and other family information. I honor privacy concerns. I do not publish childrens' birthdates. You may leave anything out you wish. War hero Rev Abel Warren settled in what was to become Macomb County in the summer of 1824. Abel and Sarah Warren Pioneers (Thanks to Brandon and Challis Warren) Abel Warren was a pioneer Christian circuit preacher and war hero who became particularly beloved to the early pioneers and was held in very high esteem so much so that the area near the future village of Warren was called Abe’s circuit or Warren’s circuit. The area was later named Aba Township and on March 26, 1839 it was renamed Warren Township. “I have fought a good fight. I have finished my course. I have kept the faith.” Thus reads the stone of the pioneer Christian preacher and war hero who married more of Warren’s pioneers and spoke at more of their burials than any other person. He was Rev Abel Warren born August 3, 1789 and died Sept 5, 1862. His great grandfather came across on the Mayflower. His Grandfather Gideon Warren was a Lieutenant in the French and Indian Wars, joining in 1748. “He was one of Ethan Allen’s Green Mountain Boys” in Vermont. He became a Colonel of the 5th Vermont Regiment in the Revolutionary War. He was wounded in the battle of Ticonderoga. Abel Warren enlisted and served his country as a soldier in 1812 holding the rank of Sergeant. He was seriously wounded and taken prisoner at the battle of Queens town Heights. Having near death experiences in the war and as a British prisoner made him aware of the value of life. He became a Christian in 1817 and joined the Methodist church. In 1824 he and his wife Sarah became some of the first pioneers in Macomb County settling just north of Warren. He became a deacon and later an elder in the church and was the first man to preach in Macomb County, and “no doubt preached at more funerals and married more couples than any other man in the county of Macomb, as when well he was always ready at a moment’s call for either, frequently leaving the hayfield and going ten or fifteen miles to attend a funeral”, on foot as horses in those days were very scarce. “As a pioneer local preacher, he was abundant in labors, traveling on foot at times twenty-four miles on the Sabbath and preaching three times, and that after a hard week’s work on the farm, and preaching as regularly as any stationed, preacher, and spending most of the winters in special revival work, in Macomb, St Clair and Oakland Counties, in which hundreds were converted, thus helping to lay the basis on which rests the magnificent, moral and social superstructure of this beautiful region of country.” “He was genial and sympathetic, could weep with those that wept, or rejoice and smile with the cheerful and happy, and thus was a welcome guest, either at the wedding festival, and the sick-bed or funeral obsequies. He had nine children, four sons and five daughters.” Two of his sons entered the ministry a third has an important position in the church. Abel Warren had settled in Macomb County even before Warren Township was settled. The area was all wilderness and abounded in wildlife. While pausing in the woods for a moment of prayer and some local wolves started howling so he held prayer meeting with them. “One Sabbath evening, while passing through the woods over an Indian trail, he saw just ahead of him a huge bear. The animal seemed inclined to dispute the right of way; without apparent fear, the traveler picked up a stick, saying, ‘If you be good, I will, but otherwise we will try titles.’ The bear stepped aside and the Elder pushed forward on his journey.” From the History of Macomb County. Leeson 1882 p 739. “The first or second sermon ever delivered in Lapeer County was preached by 'old Father Abel Warren,' as he was familiarly called. Mr. Warren belonged to the M. E. Church and was the pioneer preacher of a large track of wilderness, embracing this and several adjoining counties. He must have been a man of many sterling qualities of brain and heart, judging from the success of his heroic labors and the affectionate remembrance in which he is still held by the surviving pioneers.” History of Lapeer County p 33. “Rev Abel Warren, of precious memory, was the first minister to find his way to this town, and probably preached the first sermon in town. For several years did this noble veteran of the cross visit the people of the town from his home some twenty miles away in the town of Washington. It is safe to say that no minister since that time has had the love and esteem of this people more than did this faithful and devoted man. In the year 1855 he was preacher in charge on the circuit, which was nearly the last of his ministerial labors. He has long since passed to his reward, and his memory is precious with those who knew him.” History of Lapeer County p 101. Historian George Fuller in his book Historic Michigan states that Rev Abel Warren settled in Shelby in the summer of 1824 and lived there for thirty nine years. “Being a local preacher, he made his own appointments, and was at liberty to respond to any call he might receive, where the people desired his services, and such was the demand for them that there was hardly a settlement in eastern Michigan where he was not called at times to preach, either on the Sabbath, or at the funeral of some departed friend. I doubt that if there has ever been another minister in Michigan so universally respected and beloved by all classes, and people of all creeds, as was Abel Warren, during the thirty-nine years of his life work in Michigan.” He was the first man licensed to preach in the State of Michigan. History of Macomb County Leeson 1882. Rev Abel Warren was a circuit rider who traveled around Macomb County preaching the story of Jesus, marrying many pioneers, speaking at many pioneer funerals and helping to start several churches. He became known as Elder Warren. His warm personality made him many friends. He ministered to the spiritual needs of Warren’s early settlers. (from Leeson's History of Macomb County-1882) It is believed he was instrumental in the formation of the first Methodist church of Warren in which his son was one of the earliest pastors. This was the first church of any denomination formed in Warren. It is highly possible that Warren was named after this well traveled and well loved man. Abel Warren was well loved and spoken very well of in several historical references. He preached about Jesus in many places around Macomb County and Warren. Barns sometimes had to be used as there were no other buildings big enough where people could meet. He may have performed more marriages than any other local pioneer preacher. His certificates read "By me (signed) Abel Warren Minister of the Gospel". Historian Wesley Arnold located some of his descendants and they feel that since he was so well respected in the area and that family legends are such that it is very likely that the citizens wanted to honor him by naming the township after him. First by calling it Aba’s (Many of the pioneers spoke different languages and Aba was a mispronouncement of Abel’s circuit) then later by calling it Warren’s circuit which got shortened to Warren. They were the pioneers. Most important these were decent, hard working people who first had to face life in the wilderness without any modern things we call necessities. They had to first build a protective shelter to protect themselves from the animals that could kill them. This had to be done before nightfall. They had to obtain water and food from the wilderness as there were no stores or restaurants just miles of woods and swamps with no roads or civilization. They had to be on constant guard against attack not only from animals but also from murderous humans. Then they had to clear land, plant crops, create tools, build better shelters for themselves and their animals. There was no electricity, no machines, no tractors, no trucks or cars, no plastic or paper products. All cooking had to be done outside rain or shine until a chimney and log cabin could be constructed. A roof had to be constructed that could keep out the rain, cold and protect them from the hoards of mosquitoes. A bed had to be built from native materials and raised off of the floor. Indeed there were hundreds of things that had to be done to create a working farm. It took several years of real struggle. And they succeeded. They worked to create a better life for their children and grandchildren. They created schools and churches. They taught good values to their children. Everyone had to pull their own weight. There was no welfare or food stamps. You worked or starved. Sometimes you worked and still did without. They were law abiding, conscientious decent people that treated others as they would want to be teamed themselves. And they brought no harm to another by their actions or inaction. They should be respected and honored. There are two prevalent patterns for naming towns. The least prevalent was to pick them out of a list of revolutionary War Heroes. In our case General Joseph Warren who never set foot in our town and died 60 years prior. The other much more prevalent and popular pattern for naming towns was to name them after a local hero, famous resident or local popular or powerful person. Just looking at Macomb County Bruce Township was named after Robert Bruce a local resident. Oran ge Township after the large number of Irishmen who settled there. Sterling Township was named after a local resident as wer4e many other townships. Mt Clemens was named after Christian Clemens, Gratiot Avenue after the man who built the road. Countless street names were named after local residents. (far more than after presidents). The same is true for local schools, libraries and parks. What we are saying here is that far more things were named after local residents and heroes than after national ones. Since Warren was first named Aba the local nickname for Abel Warren and in a short time more formalized to Warren. We think along with historian Harold Stilwell that the founding committee chose Abel Warren the most famous and popular man at that time as the best person to honor by naming their township after him. They all did not read and they probably did not own a book on American war heroes. Several historians feel that Warren was named after this well traveled popular and well loved man. Abel Warren was well loved and spoken very well of in several historical references. He preached about Jesus in many places around Macomb County and Warren. Barns sometimes had to be used as there were no other buildings big enough where people could meet. He may have performed more marriages than any other local pioneer preacher. His certificates read "By me (signed) Abel Warren Minister of the Gospel". He spoke at more funerals, he educated people, possibly educated children in the winters and according to several histories was very beloved by local Warren pioneer residents. Historian Wesley Arnold located some of his descendants and they feel that since he was so well respected in the area and that family legends are such that it is very likely that the citizens wanted to honor him by naming the township after him. First by calling it Aba’s (Many of the pioneers spoke different languages and Aba was a mispronouncement of Abel’s circuit) then later by calling it Warren’s circuit which got shortened to Warren. This does not take away from the fact that the Warren City council acting without the above knowledge mistakenly voted that it was probably that it was named after a hero of Bunker Hill Joseph Warren who never set foot in our area and was not even known to our pioneers who lived here. Joseph Warren had died 64 years earlier. Joseph Warren was born in Roxbury, Mass. 11 June, 1741; died in Charlestown, Mass., 17 June, 1775 in the battle of The Battle of Bunker Hill in the United States Revolutionary War for Independence. On 18 April, observing the movements of the British troops, Dr. Warren dispatched William Dawes, and Paul Revere to sound the alarm to the American people. He was chosen as president Provincial congress, and thus became chief executive officer of Massachusetts under this provisional government. On 14 June he was chosen second major-general of tile Massachusetts forces. On the 16th he presided over the Provincial congress. The next day upon hearing that the British troops had landed at Charlestown, he rode over to Bunker Hill. As he was rallying the militia, he was struck in the head by a musket-ball and instantly killed. But our local Abel was not only a war hero but also actually lived just north of Warren. He settled here years before our settlers and helped them with local survival knowledge and cabin raisings, education for their children, community meetings, Performed more weddings and Officiated at more funerals than anyone else, endearing himself as a local brother, helper and hero to our Warren pioneers. (Much of this is stated in old histories.) In 1838 the five sections of our township that had been taken away were restored and Hickory Township was renamed Aba Township. Eleven months later Aba was allowed to adopt the name of Warren Township. It is most likely that the citizens wanted to honor Abel Warren by naming the township after him. First by calling it Aba (Many of the pioneers spoke different languages and Aba was a nick name and mispronouncement of Abel) then later by calling it Warren. Both of these Warrens were war heroes and had honorable lives and both deserve to be remembered. But which one was actually the one they named the Township after is not important. Harold Stilwell favored Able. I have copies of newspaper articles to that effect. We know that the pioneers admired their local brother Abel Warren. We are reasonably sure that they did not even know about Joseph Warren. So let’s honor both of them. There is room to do this. So let the Warren name honor two great men both named Warren. And let it honor our great pioneer family. It is the right thing to do and it is what the pioneers themselves would have wanted. The following was excerpted from Leeson's History of Macomb County, Michigan, pp.852ff. “The township of Warren was erected under the name of Hickory March 11, 1837. Under an act approved April 2, 1838, all that portion of Macomb known as Sections 12, 13, 24, 25 and 36 in Township 1 north, of Range 12 east, was set off from the town of Orange and annexed to the town of Hickory. Under the same act, the name of the township of Hickory was changed to that of Aba. It retained this name until March 25, 1838, when it received its present title -- Warren. The first town meeting was held at the house of Louis Groesbeck, April 3, 1837, with Avery Dennison, Moderator; Samuel Gibbs, Clerk; Louis Beaufait, Alonzo Haight and Jenison F. Glazier, Inspectors of Election. Samuel Gibbs was elected Supervisor; Alonzo Haight, Clerk; Louis L. Beaufait, Collector; Harris Corey, Loring Hawley, L. L. Beaufait, Assessors; Peter Gillett, John H. Barton, Loring Hawley, Commissioners of Highways; Northrup Jones and Louis Groesbeck, Overseers of the Poor; James N. Bruce, with Beaufait and Corey, were elected Constables. Avery Dennison, Sam Gibbs, Lyman E. Rhodes, Commissioners of Schools. “. B Backsic Henry Henry escaped from torture and prison in Poland. Because he had learned Esperanto International Language he was able to stay with speakers of this language and eventually get aslymum here. He was an Electrical engineer by trade and was soon able to earn a living and build a home here in Warren. As his family grew he needed to expand his house so once a week he would jack up the roof one brick higher and he would add a layer of bricks. Soon he had a bigger house without having to get any permits and the city was none the wiser. He drilled his own water well and saved on the water bill. What was important about him was he helped his neighbors when they needed help. He practiced the golden rule.
Eleanor M Bates Also known as the first Lady of Warren. Eleanor is the daughter of Emily Benaguista and Emil Puzzuoli. She was raised in Van Dyke which is now southern Warren. She attended Van Dyke Public Schools and graduated from Lincoln High School in January of 1946. She stated that people acted with more responsibility in the old days and that there was less crime back then. Life was much simpler and more related in the thirtys, forties and fifties.
She took accounting and word processing classes from Macomb Community College and attended the Detroit Business Institute. She is a working citizen having worked at Harding Elementary school as Secretary, Van Dyke Public Schools as Clerk, As Lincoln High School in Career Development Center as a Paraprofessional, In Adult Education, In the Vocational Office, and as a secretary to the Veterans Institute and for the Justice of the Peace of Warren Township.
Eleanor Married Ted Bates who was a well loved and long serving mayor of Warren and she was proud to be the “First lady of Warren.” She retired from the work force to raise five children.
Eleanor H Bates probably has the greatest and longest record of community service to our community as any other citizen. She has served over 29 years as a volunteer for the United Foundation in many capacities and also as their chairperson. She was responsible for collecting and accounting all monies and recruiting volunteers. She was chairperson for the March of Dimes, Muscular Dystrophy, Michigan Cancer Foundation, YNCA, Otsikita Council of Girl Scouts, South Macomb Hospital. She served the International Institute organized and chaired committees to visit, survey and assist new immigrants moving into our community. She was active in the Parent Teachers Association for 35 years and helf various offices even serving as President at Elementary, Junior High and High School levels as well as Council President.
She swerved on the Van Dyke School Advisory Committees. The coached Little League Softball for six years. She was a Cub Scout Den Mother and Neighborhood Cookie Chairman for Girl Scouts. She mobilized teenagers to help in the clean-up of the James Street flood in Warren in 1967. The is Past President of Women's Association for MCC and past President of Oakland University Scholarship Committee 1983-1985. She is active in the South Warren Community Organization and the Warren Historical Society 1991-1994. She was on the Mayor's Citizens Crime Task Force in 1986, the Tax Increment Finance Authority Chairman in 1988 and on the Multi Ethnic Festival Committee. Eleanor serves on the Board of Directors of the Warren Symphony Orchestra, the Board of Directors of the Warren Concert Band and on the Warren/Center Line Thanksgiving Parade. She was treasurer of the Community Development Corp. She is the Lector and Eucharistic Minster of th4 Ascension Catholic Church and Lector of St Clement Catholic Church. She is a member of Right To Life and the League of Catholic Women. She is a board member of the Foundation for Educational Excellence and Van Dyke Public Schools Board Member. She served on the Paint The Town Committee in 1996-2001. President of Lincoln High School Alumni Association and active 1946-2008. She serves on the Beautification Commission 2008
Eleanor Bates has received the following awards: POE Warren Mother of the Year 1968, Michigan Congress PTSA Distinguished Service Award, Women for The United Foundation Award for Highest Percentage of Quota. Appreciation of Outstanding Service 25 Years Lincoln Elementary PTA. Distinguished Alumni Award 1984 Lincoln High School, Grand Marshal Lincoln High Homecoming Parade 1984, Macomb Art Council Merit Award 1991, Harding Elementary Special Persons Award 1984, Macomb County Board of Commissioners Outstanding Volunteer Award 1998. Volunteer Leadership Award Marshall Rotary Club 2003.
Elective Offices: Eleanor served on the Warren City Council 1991-1995 and on the Van Dyke Public Schools Board of Education -2005. She has also served on many boards and commissions over the years. Beautification Commission 2008 Active leader and member of the Warren Historical Society
She is so active I probably missed things. This will be updated.
Bates, Ted Ted was a volunteer fireman in Warren. He later served as Treasurer for the City of Warren and for a long time as its mayor. He served as mayor April 1967 - April 1969, April 1969 - Nov 7 1971, Nov 8 1971 – Nov 12, 1973-19 81 Awaiting Autobiography
Bieda, Joseph was Chairperson Warren Historical Commission 2008. He continues to serve on the Warren Historical Commission in 2009, 2010. He is an active and working member of the Warren Historical Society. He has helped with many historical projects. Awaiting Autobiography
Beebe John L who was a native of Albany, New York. Was an inspector of township schools in 1848. Warren Supervisor 1851-53 and in 1858. also a school inspector in 1858. In 1865 married Esther Davy of England. Raised eight children: Theresa wife of Ed Tharrett of Mt Clemens, Lillian wife of Archebald Lyons of Warren, Lorenzo Van Dyke, Henrietta and others who died in infancy. He was one of the earliest settlers. He ran the toll gate on the first planked area of Mound. He operated a store and grist mill. His fame increased and the heart of Warren became known as Beebe's corners. He made tubs, pails and eavesdroughs for the neighboring farmers. Joachim Behrns The Historic Behrns/Qualman House was built in 1861 located at 5297 10 Mile Road. This was built by Joachim Behrns who farmed the land until his death in 1888. In 1902 Charles Quitman bought the land. His son farmed the tract until 1928. William was elected Warren Township treasurer and served on the Center Line Board of Education. The Warren Historic Commission placed a marker at this house in 2009. Binkowski Don historian, author, judge, Warren Historical Society 2006 honoree, donated a large historical collection to Warren Public Library, former President of the Warren Historical Commission and active member Warren Historical Society, was instrumental in getting historical markers installed, and in many historical projects including the saving of the Minda Log Cabin. Donated materials to the Bentley Library at U or M and other libraries. Helped found the Polish American Historical Society. He wrote Poles together: Leo Krzycki and Polish Americans in the American Labor Movement in 2001, and Leo Krzycki and the Detroit Left in 2001, and Col. P W Norris - Yellowstone's Greatest Superintendent in 1995 which described the Village of Norris where the Binkowski family lived. Served as Judge of the 37th District Court in Warren for 18 years and was on the Warren City Council as Mayor Pro-Tem 1965-1968. His earlier life was spent in Detroit where he was born, graduated from Pershing High School in 1947, graduated from the U of M in 1957, served in the Korean War and graduated from Wayne State Law School in 1956. He was also an Assistant Michigan Attorney and a delegate from Detroit/Hantramck on the 1961-1962 Michigan Constitutional Convention. This was paraphrased from Fred Gemmill's write up on him in the 2006 Warren Historical Society Awards booklet. Ronald L Bonkowski was mayor of Warren from Nov 6 1985- Nov 3 87, Nov 3 87 – Nov 6 91, Nov 6 91-Nov 7, 95. Brawn Adolph Was a minister at Redeemer Baptist Church in Warren from in the early 1950s thru probably the 1980s. He was a caring giving person who visited the sick, spoke at funerals and helped many people. He was a good leader and with his guidance the church grew. When he retired he went to California and started a new church. He was just the kind of person our world needs more of. He taught that people should treat others as they would want to be treated themselves. Brinker Gorge Henry Village Blacksmith and Oldest Warren resident who was the father of 25, 18 living died at age 91. Married 3 times has 71 grandchildren, 26 great grandchildren 109 living desendants. First wife was Philista Trombley, Second wife Julia Angeline Trombley, Third wife Josephine Gipperrich had 15 children. Died 1920 Funeral at St Clement Church. Buechel John F had moved his store from Kunrod’s corners to a location just south of the church. He sold clothing, groceries, candy, cigars, shoes, combs and many common articles needed by the local farmers. See the many pictures in the folder “store”. Buechel was noted for his fine penmanship (unlike the pastors of the church) and he also served as township clerk for years. Beaufait, Louis was one of the first township officers and that his father was justice of the peace and associate justice of the Court of Common Pleas in Detroit and also held military offices in the militia. Louis Beaufait was a soldier in the War of 1812 and presidential elector in 1844. Bunert Gottlieb and Susan Bunert in 1849 bought the 80-acre farm now known as the Bunert-Weier Farm. They built a log cabin. The brick house was built in 1876, the barn in 1883 and the carriage garage in 1892. They farmed the land, raised livestock and had their own sawmill. This was Warren’s last working farm. On the land behind the farm was a long flat hill that long ago may have been an Indian burial site. The family also told Wesley Arnold that after the farm was subdivided some of the new neighbors complained about the farm guinea hens and chickens making noise in the morning. The neighbors wanted to shut down the farm. The Weier family patiently asked them didn’t they not see the chickens running around, and hadn’t they heard about the rooster going cockle doodle do in the morning when they were in school and so why did they buy property next to a working farm that had been working for over 100 years and not expect a few sounds in the morning. C Claeys Henry L this is the man who came to Warren with a welling drilling rig in 1909. Lots of people needed wells and soon he had three machines working. He started a wholesale plumbing business. In 1924 he sold his drilling machines and concentrated on his plumbing supply business. He married Agnes Catherine Malburg. On March 16, 1926 Mr Claeys suffered a stroke due to influenza which left him paralyzed on his left side and speechless. His wife entered the business and acted as interpreter ever since. This company became a very successful corporation serving three counties. They had three children Henrietta, Lillian and Beatrice.
Dorothy May Cummings (Peck) was born in 1924. The Cummings family was a land clearer family in Warren Township section 26. She was the daughter of Eldred E Peck and Myrtle Wilson. She grew up on a pioneer farm on Chicago Road one half way between Mound and Ryan. She went to the West School for grades 1-8 and to Warren High School for grades 8-12. The graduating class only had 8 persons in it.
On the farm they did truck gardening. That is growing little stuff like carrots, tomatoes, strawberries. They had acres of apple trees. Nearly all was sold at farmers markets in Royal Oak and Ferndale. There was a lot of sorting to be done. She had to work the fields. They raised chickens. One could still sell dressed chickens then. They had horses, sheep, until 1941 when grandpa died.
After high school she went to Albion College for one year then to Wayne State University for four more years. She majored in medical technology. Her first job was at the old Providence Hospital as a medical technologist. She moved to Chicago, got married and work at the University of Chicago Hospitals for 15 years. She moved back to Warren and worked at Beaumont Hospital again as a medical technologist. She started the first BA level school for Histo-Technology in the country while working for Oakland University. She talked Beaumont into starting the school and stayed on for 15 years. She retired at age 65.
She stated that in the old days there was much more respect for teachers. She stated the food was better because it was home grown and all natural. People were more responsible in the old days. There was less crime. No one locked their house or car. There was more respect for law and order. But they practically never saw a sheriff. A local Justice of the Peace handled local issues. People were happier then. They had less but were happy with what they had. She states we can learn a lot from history.
Dorothy is an active, working member and trustee of the Warren Historical Society. She has served on The Warren Council of Commissions 2008. In 2007 she was given The Warren Historical Society Award.
Shubael Conant Conant Street was named after the early settling family with the same name. Shubael Conant was the first person to legally buy much of southern Warren. He was a Detroit merchant. He of course resold all of his land in southern Warren for a profit. Much of this land wad very wet most of the year. In 1835 he bought sections 29, 30, 31, and 32 of Warren Township. He was a merchant and was prominent in social and business affairs as a member of the firm of Mack and Conant. He lived in a log house on the west side of Griswold St and kept bachelor's quarters, for he never married. He was a receiver of the Detroit and St Joseph Rail Road Bank in 1845. In the War of 1812 he was a sergeant in the company of Solomon Sibley. Cramer, Joseph Jr. the son of Joseph and Magdalene (Aut) Cramer, was born August 14 Mile, 1857. His parents were natives of Prussia, Germany, who immigrated in 1842, settling at Pontiac, Oakland Co. He worked on the Detroit & Michigan Railroad for some time, ant then located eighty acres on Section 22, Warren. Mr Cramer was educated at the cincinnati Catholic College one year at St Vincents, near Pittsburgh, Penn., one year at Sandwich, Canada, two years, and at Milwaukee College three years. He taught school for four years, retiring on account of ill health. He married Miss Catherine, daughter of William and Catherine (Casperes) Otto, natives of Prussia, Aug 19, 1879. they are the parents of two children Catherine and Gertrude. Mr cramer is engaged in business at Center Line. The family are members of the Catholic church. (M A Leeson 1882 History of Macomb County Michigan 852-857) D Davy Elijah In 1905 David and Alice completed work on the carriage house located on the property of Alice's father Elijah Davy who had given it to Alice in 1880. The street on which it was located was named Wilson street which was later named Seventh Street. He had bought it from Charles Davy in 1848 for $300.00. Charles Davy had bought the 40 acres of land from public auction for $65.00 to pay the debts of the estate of Orton Gibbs. This 40 acres contained the west half of what later became Beebe's Corners. Davy family was an early pioneer family in Warren DeSmet Lavinus of Center Line was the son of L and Celia (Fromdefelia) De Smet, born at Holst, Belgium, Dec 25, 1818. His father died in Nov 1821 and his mother in 1829. From this period until 1839 he lived with his uncle where he learned the wagon-maker's trade and worked at it for about three years. He Immigrated in 1845 arriving at Detroit and located in Warren Township the same year on a forty-acre tract of unimproved land which he cleared and drained, raised dwelling house and farm buildings, planted an orchard, vinery, etc. He was accompanied by his sister who was married in Belgium. Mr De Smet married Miss Elizabeth Dunne, daughter of John and Rosie (O'Brien) Dunne, native of Ireland, to whom were born five children – Maggie, Julia, Elizabeth, Phillip and Peter. After the death f his first wife, he married Miss D. King, a native of Holland, to whom two children were born. The family belong to the Catholic Church. Mr De smet is a practical agriculturist, fruit and vine grower, and also superintends a wagon and blacksmith shop. (M A Leeson 1882 History of Macomb County Michigan 852-857) Dillon John lived on Sherwood by Munn Engineering and was one of the most colorful characters in the area. He was involved in many projects. When he went on trips He loaded his Iceta (a very small car) into the back of his International Harvester truck. He was a long time scout leader in Center Line and in the Detroit area. Later his wife Clara became a scout leader. He inspired many of our youth with common sense. He used to recite a poem about Mad Michael who used to rummage about the village garbage heap looking for pots without their spouts. Thru his leadersip many of us went on international camping trips with Canadian scouts. Duda Anna long time resident of Center Line spent time being tortured in Auschwitz a German prison camp where millions of innocent civilians were murdered. As a young girl she saw her dad murdered by the Natzis. She spoke to many about the Holocaust. Yes it really happened and is happening over and over around the world even today. E
Eckstein George P grew up in Macomb County. He had been in the lumbering business with a portable mill, served a two year term as sheriff of Macomb County and had run a lumber saw, cider and feed mill. He was born in Sterling township. He married Rose May in 1900. They had a son Norman. He started a Ford products company in Warren in 1917. during the war he closed his business and devoted his time as chairman of the Warren Township War board. He resumed his Ford business and his buildings to larger quarters. He served as president of the village. Ellis Mr. We are still looking for this man's name and family. Mr Ellis donated land to build the Ellis school in Center Line. The little village desperately need to build a school in the area and he stepped up and donated the land where Ellis school was built. This school taught all 8 grades for several years. Later there was a female Ellis who taught at Busch school. If anyone has information on this family please share it. Engleman, Hyronemus came here in 1847 from Germany and he bought both sides of Van Dyke from Nine Mile Road to Nine and a half, and a half mile deep each way. He owned boh sides of the street for half a mile. He had a son who apparently inherited these properties and had a home and about 40 acres in Center Line. The name is familiar to us because Engleman Avenue was named after Heironimus Engleman who is buried in the St Clement's Cemetery. He died about 1918 and was quite an astute gentleman in the fact that he was the first one from Warren that served in a state office. He became elected as a state representative and served two terms as state representative. He had college training, went 4 years to college. I was never able to find out which college, but it was in Racine, Wisconsin. (Harold Stilwell) F Flynn Annie E. wife of Dr. Flynn who was the only doctor here for many years. Dr Flynn and his wife Flynn Annie E. were influential in establishing the Murthumn High School in 1926. She assisted her husband as a nurse and served on the Women's War board and as treasurer of the School District No 3. Flynn The Junior High School was dedicated in her name in 1973. Flynn John C was a Doctor in Warren. In 1889 Dr. Flynn bought this house and the family has lived here until 1951. He was born in New York, came to Warren in 1880 and was the only doctor here for many years. Dr Flynn and his wife Annie E. Flynn were influential in establishing the Murthumn High School in 1926. She assisted her husband as a nurse and served on the Women's War board and as treasurer of the School District No 3. The Flynn Junior High School was dedicated in her name in 1973. When Warren Village was incorporated April 25, 1893 he was elected to be the first president and also the first health officer. Fouts James Warren Council 1981-2007 Warren Mayor Nov 10, 2007-Present In his first remarks he stated that this city government will be by the people and for the people and that his decisions would be based on what was best for the community. He quoted President Truman who justified decisions by asking will it benefit the average citizen. Awaiting Autobiography Franklin, Ben This man is probably the most famous American. He is mentioned here because he had an influence on our people. He provides an excellent example for young people and every student of history should read his autobiography. G Gemmill Frederick Autobiography 2008 I do not know if there are very many residents in Warren who as their lives creep to their conclusions, believe that their own experiences have been very pleasant and rewarding. I am one of them! GENES FROM WAY BACK: I have what might be termed the usual background of a Michigander. My grand- father Gemmill was an abandoned kid of Scotchish-Irish parents adopted out of a London orphanage and brought to Canada at a young age subsequently moving to to the thumb area of Michigan. He was something of a small farmer/handyman. His wife, my grandmother Gemmill I met only once and that was the day she died of TB at home in Cass City. My grandparents on the other side both emigrated to Michigan via Ellis Island from Germany raising a family of three sons and two daughters as small farmers near Wilmot, Michigan (also in the thumb area near Cass City) GENES FROM CLOSER TO HOME: My mother the youngest of the two daughters was born in Brown City (in the thumb area near Port Huron) had a grade school education with little work experience. My father was born in Cass City in a family of six (three of each sex) and worked as a brakeman on a railroad, a maintenance man at the local power plant, and eventually apprenticed to the local barber which became his trade. I have two brothers. I came into this world according to my mother's story one wintry morning in October at,home (which was on the second floor of my dad's barber shop and pool hall). The business failed during the depression and we moved to Kingston, Cass City, Pontiac, Cheboygen, St. Clair Shores, Detroit and then Warren, coming here in 1933. We were moderately poor most of the time. My parents were fairly strict~ mother quite religious and a great housekeeper and cook. My dad taught us the basics of sports competition and encouraged us in everything we tried. Neither had any reluctance to deliver discipline when they thought it warranted.
EARLY SCHOOLING: I spent my entire elementary school years in the Van Dyke Public Schools starting out at Washington at Hoover and Nine Mile, then Lincoln Elementary. We walked every day and thought nothing of it. After moving from our home on Stephens Road near Van Dyke my parents rented a home on Chalmers near Federal. In 1939 we moved to a home on MacArthur(rented)for two years before finally buying a starter house on Jewett at Automobile in 1941 (where I have lived ever since). School came easy to me getting very good grades~always bringing work home and enjoying the favoritism of teachers when they found out I had enough artistic ability to draw scenes each month on the black board above the new month of the year. The kids in the neighborhood made ice ponds in winter for skating and games mowed fields for baseball diamonds in summer. I did odd jobs and chores for money to take in Saturday cowboy shows at the Motor City Theater worked on area truck farms or golf courses, hired out as insulation installers to a local builder in Warren two summers and even enjoyed dancing once in a while at Roth's Barn if you could sneak past the door guard. I nearly got in serious trouble one day when I became angry enough to leave home for the open road after a disagreement with with one of my brothers. After one day hiking northward common sense prevailed and I returned home. Incidentally my Dad met me at the back door with a very short warning: "Do that again and don't bother to come back!"
THINGS GET TOUGHER IN HIGH SCHOOL: I found high school very easy. I never missed a day in attendance, got nearly all top grades (was tied at graduation for the best academic record) and had a nice groups of close friends, both guys and gals. I was President of my Senior Class (gave a speech at commencement at the Theater), worked as Editor of the Railsplitter (writing some controversial sports stories knocking the coaches closed group of favorite athletes) got acquainted with the paper's printer (Harold Stilwell), became friends with Principal Max Thompson, and learned a great deal about the workings of the Board of Education and the educational system as it operated in the suburbs. I worked after hours as apprentice clerk (unpaid) at the National Bank of Detroit branch at 8 mile and Van Dyke. I was in the center of Detroit on bank business when the race riots broke out along Jefferson near Belle Isle and had to make it back to Warren at night by making a series of changes on the street car lines. This was first exposure really to what was going on between some blacks and whites in Detroit and the terrible hatred that had built up over the years. This was just before my graduation in 1943 and my induction six months later into the US Marine Corp under the draft.
I LEARN ABOUT OTHER. PLACES AND PEOPLE: The only good thing about the draft I thought at the time was that I got to 1eave the bitter cold of Detroit for the sunny shores of San Diego, California and the Marines Recruit Depot. I actually was drafted into the Navy, but since I dreaded the water so much I opted to volunteer for the Corp. (They did not get enough to fill their Detroit quota so they drafted several from the pool I wondered about my decision when I saw a very healthy looking six-foot guy break down and cry when his name was called). Anyway, the rail trip to the coast was not a happy trip, what with a train with no ventilation system to speak of and having to sleep in your seat for five days, besides worrying about what lay ahead. I think everyone has seen enough movies about service life to know What recruits go through in long marches, combat training, shots (the vaccination type), sleeping with your rifle because of some mis-step, mess duty (nearly a joy surprisingly), the pure physical exhaustion to point of choking into a faint, and living with some men who apparently had not matured properly. Anyway, I earned a marksman's medal for rifle firing, "graduated," went to Camp Pendleton near LosAngles for advanced infantry training, and then had a seven day leave (it took three days train ride to get to Detroit, one day home, and and three days ride back). At that point. I was loaded like cargo on a troop ship and spent three lousy days riding the swells off the Pacific Coast before we finally headed west where I was to find out about World War II.
BEAUTIFUL GUADALCANAL AND OKINAWA: In September, 1944 we landed on this small island after the infantry had cleared it of most of the Japanese soldiers (some still were hiding in inland caves and jungle), and it was here that I became a member of the Sixth Marine Division of the Third Amphibious Corps. I was put in the division headquarters and given the assignment of encrypting messages and coding incoming traffic. It was soon apparent why I got the job since I was only one of two with the educational background who did not need basic skills training. It was; to be my job for the next one-and-a-half years. After more training on Guam Island. we became part of one of the last seaborne invasion forces every assembled and proceeded to attack one of the largest Japanese bases and the closest to the homeland. We went over the side of the troop side via a rope ladder swinging in the breeze. hopped into a Landing Ship Tank and took off for the shore of Okinawa 1700 yards away. WI\" waded the last 300 yards over a cora1 seabed against very minimal enemy opposition (the Japanese choosing to confront the troops inland in well prepared fortifications. (Note: There is an excellent book on the battle tor Okinawa and the Sixth Division written by the Infantry Journal Press, Copyright of 1948 so I'll not go into any part of that, except my small part in it with the big picture or battle details.) Since the invasion took place on April 1, it could be expected that tropical rains would soon be a daily thing, and so it was that the next few months were a constant battle to stay alive by always being alert to what was going on, trying to keep dry or hanging clothing to dry when the chance came, sleeping in wetness all around you, battling diseases as best you could,always watching out for the next mortar round to come slamming in nearby or whistling overhead and still trying to figure what in heck our company commander was trying in put into code in his last message (they were just garbled nonsense). The worst part came when you drew perimeter guard duty on a moonless night and Japanese snipers had tried to get into the compound just the night before. Every bush looked like a creeping person and every wind movement made your heart pound as you tried to decide to shoot first and ask later. We saw some of the spectacular warship vs airplane attacks every to occur off the shore of Okinawa as each night suicide pilots tried to wipe out the protecting ring of ships the Navy set up. The night skies sometimes were just lit up with exploding shells, planes or ships. By October, the Marines and a supporting Army division had killed or captured every Japanese soldier and freed the unfortunate islanders from their nightmare. By the time we got back to our rear base on Guam, the Air Force had dropped its atomic bombs on the mainland of Japan and the leaders had surrendered to the Allies.
CIVILIAN LIFE BEGINS ANEW : After returning home I spent about six months trying to figure out what I wanted to do, all the time telling everyone I wanted to go to college. Finally I happened to meet Superintendent Max Thompson at a football game at Lincoln's stadium and he pressed me to tell him what I intended to do now. After mentioning that enjoyed my experience on the Railsplitter and liked writing, he suggested journalism. I agreed but did not do much about it. One day I had a phone call from Mr. Thompson, who indicated he had sent my transcripts to Northwestern University in Illinois and the University of Missouri, both of which had excellent Schools of Journalism, he contended. He said: "They both accepted, all you have to do is apply. Now get off your lazy ass and make something of your talents." Within a month I was enrolled and boarding with a nice Columbia couple off-campus and approved for benefits under the GI Bill. That city, half-way between St. Louis and Kansas City, was a typical southern small town about to be swamped with ex- GIs and their wives. I had little trouble getting through the first two years, even making the honor roll. After two summers of working on vacation at the Chevrolet Gear and Axle Plant in Hamtramck on the assembly line (to get enough money to return to college for the last two years), I concentrated on working on the college's news paper. This meant competing with the local reporters and still doing school work. I liked the editorial writing so much that I put my energies into it and did well enough to win an award for "Best Editorials." I graduated in June, 1950 with a Bachelor of Journalism degree.
MAKING A LIVING: I almost immediately decided I would start small and work up to the big dailies, like the Detroit Free Press. Thus, I hired on as a reporter with the local South Macomb Record Review/Warren Township Journal weekly with offices at Nine Mile and Van Dyke. I covered every aspect of Warren, crime, government board sessions, editorials, sports civic organizations, schools, etc. for six years, finally moving up to Editor and Publisher.. During my job as a journalist, I learned that there certainly are a lot of forces at play in local government and that included our Boards of Education. There were two very evident power groups in Warren, one headed by Arthur Miller on the township scene and the other led by Irvin little at the school/township level. Some such associations are normal, largely based along lines of old friendships or similar business interests. They become bad when used to further purposes that have very little to do with community advancements of mutual goals but instead for someone's personal advancement if not monetary reward. When I exposed these relationships, most people seemed to believe it was just friends helping friends. The district continued to get grants from the federal government for special projects (even a new school), the employees hired by the district to do such things as janitorial work on the midnight shift were retained, and that's the way it continued until the congressman died. There were some people who did care, however, because the paper began to get left out of the loop when special meetings of the school board were held at off hours at unusual places, false stories were fed to us and the paper's main advertiser (also a supplier to the schools) found that the Progress was a better deal for its advertising. It was at this point I found other work.
A NEW PROFESSION: After leaving the paper in 1956, I obtained a job as an inspector in the Division of Engineering under Clarence P. McGrath, with offices in a small building at Memphis and Nine Mile behind the police department. I learned on the job about pavement, sewers, and sidewalks in new subdivisions (sometimes watching as many as three new sites at once) and doing paper work in the office (Which had only one clerk).I eventually became acquainted with the office well enough that Mr. McGrath brought me inside and promoted me to his Assistant. I stayed at that position while the township became a city in 1957 and we moved to the new city hall. I remained there for 32 years, retiring in 1987.
MY LIFE AS A CITY INSPECTOR: After living the active life of a reporter/editor running from one story or interview I took up the life of a construction inspector ) learning on the job) running from one site to another (often overseeing three subdivision projects at once. I was under the tutelage of Chief Construction Inspector Louis J. Vandenbossche, a very experienced employee but largely self-taught. I was taken to sites of sewer and water main installations, street pavings, and sidewalk installations and watched and listened to my instructor and learned to handle the friendly contractors the City had hired or the developers employed. I kept a daily log of anything of note and had little trouble fitting into the departments' routines. I met many hard-working laborers and pipe installers and some less-than-honest contractors (always looking for "shortcuts or just plain little cheating practices). Contractors soon learned I was smart enough to know What construction standards were and that I would catch anything going wrong before it was covered up. The inspection work" actually got less and less as the City Engineer (C.P. McGrath) and his assistant (George Eckstein) found I was even better at paper work in the office. At about this time, the new City Hall at Van Dyke and 12 Mile was being finished and in 1957 we moved into new offices there as part of the new Department of Public Service.
SOME THINGS I LEARNED: Before leaving this subject (and from a perspective of 50 years contemplation), some comments may be in order about the City'~ Division of Engineering. First, they were fortunate to have had some very talented, ethical and dedicated persons serving as as City Engineers during the building boom era (I have reference to Kenneth Van Hoest, George Eckstein and C. P. McGrath), all of whom stood up under intense pressure from developers using political influence to seek concessions in standards relating to utility installations. It happens in every city, to some extent but our guys made developers and contractors give future home buyers what they deserved and expected. One observation I could make was that paving of streets and sidewalks in new sub- divisions (essentially placed on farm soil rather than existing surfaces as in the older sections of the city) did not last the expected 25 years or so as projected. The new department of public service: With the new City Charter approved in 1956 and coming into effect on January 1, 1957 there also c~e into existence a new concept in public service, consolidating services under the umbrella of one person to whom the Mayor could look for a unified standard of performance. This department was headed by the former Township Engineer C. P. McGrath. He now headed the Divisions of Engineering, Water Supply, Public Works (streets), Waste Water Treatment, Service (complaints), Buildings and Safety Engineering (permits and building inspections) and Maintenance (building upkeep). The DPS Director appointed, with the Mayor's approval, a Division head, who met regularly either with others or individually, with Kr. McGrath. It must be noted that "Mac" was much too prone to belief that each of his appointees was doing his best and needed little help from him. This proved not to be true, and future DPS Directors (Mason Capitani, Stanley Dayne, Paul Van Branden, Mitchell Skotarczyk, Robert Slavko and others) became micro managers needing to know everything that went on everywhere (another impossibility, of course).
MY ROLE GROWS AND EXPANDS: As time went on, I became an assistant in the true meaning of the term, but I also carved out a special place in two areas (new in the sense that no one else had ever held my position between the years of 1957 and 1987): I became something of a departmental spokesman before Council when our items came to that body for approval. With my long experience, I could meet with people during public hearings on special assessment paving and sidewalk programs, always kept current on complaints coming into divisions and how they were (or were not) being handled, and could answer most questions raised by Council persons without some check on that and report back." I personally handled most sidewalk programs from inception as a program to approval of the assessments after completion. I conceived and carried out the concept of parking lots behind businesses along Van Dyke, going from picking appropriate sites, working with business owners and sharing costs, taking bids to building the lots (after acquiring lands through negotiations with the City Attorney's office) and closing out the programs with erections of identifying signs.
EVERYTHING COKES TO AN END : During my tenure with the city, I played on the City Golf League, organized an Adult Tennis Club, staged Christmas parties with employees and Division Heads, took Traffic Engineering classes, represented the City with the Clinton River Water- Shed Council (serving one year as President), was the City"s representative on the Southeast Michigan Red Cross Council, the Macomb Community Services Agency, the Junior Chamber of Commerce, The Toastmasters Club and at times led the Torch Drive. While playing tennis one night after work in 1983, I had a heart attack that pretty much brought an end to my career in 1987, after 321 years with the City Warren.
LIFE GOES ON: After about five years of laying around and catching up with things around the house, I joined the Warren Association of Retired Employees (new President) the Community Development Corporation of Warren (now Board Chairman), the Warren Historical Society (now Treasurer) and the Lincoln Neighborhood Association of South Warren (now Secretary-Treasurer).
MY PERSONAL LIFE : I skipped one part of my life that I will briefly cover now. In 1962 I married a young divorcee named Carolle Popour (27) in Mt. Calvary Lutheran Church. It ended two years later in divorce, and it was only recently that I re-connected to my step daughter (then 2 years old) now living in Florida (another computer miracle, I suppose). The 6-year old step son was having troubles then with issues obeying rules and in later life it caused him great grief. The girl, Victoria, is a divorced mother of two grown children and is running a catering! consultant business with National Football League connections (the Miami Dolphin players.) MY parents, of course, passed away long ago, but I still have an older brother living out retirement years in Warren less than a mile from my house, and a younger brother and I own a house on Saginaw Bay near Caseville. A CLOSING: THE GOOD MAN PROLONGS HIS LIFE; TO BE ABLE TO ENJOY ONE'S PAST IS TO LIVE TWICE.
Preface to the Iliad (Incidentally, you may think the job of an inspector for the City is an easy one, but think of the following circumstance they always encounter: A contractor is installing the main line sanitary or storm sewer and they might be working some 20 or so feet below ground level. It is the inspector's task that he makes certain each pipe joint as they come together are in level line and tightly sealed-preventing any future leak and resultant pavement collapses. Does he check the pipe by crawling down the open slope between two walls of dirt or does he hang over the 20-foot deep trench and peer into the hole? Is fear of closed in spaces greater than fear of heights? I had a dread of both!
"MY VOLUNTEER CAREER" After my retirement from the City of Warren in 1988 I did not take part in much volunteer activity. That changed in 1996 when Warren Mayor Mark Steenbergh called me and asked to meet with him at the City Hall. It turned out that he had decided to organize a "Community Development Corporation' as a non-profit agency to build new houses in South Warren and to work on bettering community activities. I accepted a position on the Board of Directors and the corporation was formally organized shortly thereafter. The City supported it with initial grants of start-up funds and providing services of some City personnel and offices (City Attorney, Building Division, Engineering Division and Planning Department). A consultant was hired to assist with grant writing and survey work, and one of the first projects was a community survey under a Police Department grant to determine how the community saw its needs and what resources were available, with Oakland University students and personnel doing the compilation and report writing. With this data, the CDC began training in home construction and real estate work. We did one house first, then three, and then seven, eventually building over 30 new ranch and colonial homes in various parts of the City. I served in every official position and on every committee during the succeeding eleven years. On average I spent about 3,000 volunteer hours per year with the CDC and participated in every community activity (park children events, pumpkin give-a ways, auctions, dinners, etc.) After about four years of operating from temporary spaces, the CDC rented a small section of the old police department building at Nine Mile and Memphis and hired a full time Executive Director (Dora Mattucci of Washington, MI) and a professional project manager. With the workload increasing, it was only a couple of years before we purchase a one-story building with a spacious basement and began its renovation into business operations (with assistance from me in giving a grant for landscaping, purchase and renovation of about $40,000). The site is at Van Dyke and Cadillac, right in the heart of the Van Dyke business community. While we prospered in the early years, we became involved in one venture that was costly both financially and progress wise. This was an attempt to buy about ten acres of nearly vacant land at Sherwood and Eight Mile from the R.C. Mahon Trust group and its lessee the Chrysler Corporation. The site was to be developed into some 30 homes for low and moderate income families, giving the area a big morale boost. Unfortunately, a sale of the Chrysler Corporation and a change in personnel at the top positions caused the project to be delayed (and then finally dropped by us after we began losing money on some purchased sites a total lack of income from the property venture During this time the CDC worked with the area non-profit groups to try to aid businesses with special events and grant planning (called the Van-8 Mile Corridor Project) in conjunction with forming new self-help neighborhood groups to fix neglected homes and lots. Progress was slow but steady until the sales market tanked and we could not sell homes we had already completed. With cuts in staff and funding, the CDC is in dire straits.
"THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY" The other area where I have recently devoted quite a lot of volunteer hours is the Warren Historical & Genealogical Society, the private non-profit leg of the historical preservation effort in Warren. Unlike most of the members, I have not been involved with the area's history as a big part of my life (although I have lived in south Warren since 1934). My knowledge of the historical aspects of the Village are all second hand, except for some infrequent visits to the park during the 4th of July celebrations in the Village. While it may seem odd that someone who grew up in the area paid little attention to what was occurring around him except to keep track of what businesses were available to serve the family, it was true. Even after spending ~o years in the Marine Corps in the South Pacific during 1944-1945 and four years at the University of Missouri during 1946-1950 and would return to Warren and find little changed from what I expected to find. I only became interested in the historical aspect after watching the reconstruction of the Bunert School Museum and admiring what such a small group of dedicated people could achieve. After watching the historical concept take hold in the Village, it seemed to be something that I could relate to make a contribution to. My conception that the effort seemed to be concentrated too much on the Village was partly confirmed but even after making an effort to involve the communities of Base Line and Van Dyke did I find an almost complete lack of interest in saving older structures, documenting the lives of distinguished citizens or contributing financially to any effort to do so. I was (am) pleased to be part of the program honoring citizens each year for past endeavors and to utilize my journalistic background and personal history to help put together a book on the history of the City of Warren. Before leaving this essay it would seem appropriate that I mention some of the people I met over the years who were, in my estimation, special in some way of another. (This, of course, includes my parents, who as a couple just out of their 20th years, started a family and became adept at bringing up three boys without much help from their own families, and who always took time to be involved in their activities-whether it was playing baseball or games around the house-and to teach them good manners and fair play) But outside of the family, I met such great people as my grade school teachers-Miss Day (English), Miss Nystrom (arithmetic), Miss Hiljer (history) or Miss Carlson (principal)- and the Superintendent of Van Dyke Schools (Max Thompson), all of whom instilled in me a desire to do good work and succeed at whatever I tried to do. I made good friends in the Marine Corps with a small group of guys who spent two years together and all came back home safely if not exactly sound. At work after college I met local politicians and charitable agency leaders who guided me along paths I never anticipated taking. I was especially impressed with the leadership ability of Mayor Arthur Miller, the skill of Paul VanDenBranden (my boss at the Department of Public Service) and City Engineer Kenneth Van Hoelst (who never let politicians or developers persuade him to approve plans or programs that were not in the best interests of the City. I am especially proud to say that I have worked with the very finest and most dedicated persons possible at the Community Development Corporation of Warren (a non-profit housing and community based organization), being Executive Director Dora Mattucci and Project Manager Kevin Centala. The same can be said of the dedicated volunteers at the Warren Historical & Genealogical Society, who put in an incredible amount of time as needed to get the various projects organized and completed.
Additional historical note by historian Wesley Arnold. Fred continued to be active in community affairs even at his advanced age and sometimes poor health. I provided Fred with a few hundred pages of Warren History that I had written and sue Keffer and I encouraged Fred to edit these and add his experience to these. This hopefully will become the book “From pathways to Freeways the Story of Warren Michigan.” The Warren Historical Society plans to publish it. One more comment that I am sure everyone will agree with is that Fred Gemmill has always been a delight to work with. Gillette Peter a pioneer farmer sold a parcel of land to eighteen families as a burial ground in 1845 to establish The Warren Union Cemetery. The Warren Union Cemetery Association was organized in 1852 to maintain the 2 1/2 acre cemetery. Grobbel Clement decorated World War I Veteran was among 500 American soldiers in the Polar Bear Force sent to Russia to put down the Bolshevik uprising. He gave up the police chief's job in Center Line to work for the water department until his retirement. Awaiting biography Groesbeck Alex J Governor State of Michigan grew up in Warren. The only governor of Michigan to come from Macomb County, Alexander J. Groesbeck was born on a farm at the northeast corner of Mound Road and Twelve Mile Road (present site of the General Motors Technical Center complex) but moved to Mt. Clemens with his family after his father was elected sheriff. He finished his elementary schooling there, graduated from the University of Michigan in 1893 and then began a long legal career in Detroit. He was elected to his first of three terms as governor in 1920, where he became famous for his prison reforms, governmental reorganization and expansion of state highways. It was in this latter area that earned him distinction as he established an automobile title system and fostered the construction of new road systems, one of the most prominent of which was a proposal to build a north-south highway to relieve traffic along Gratiot between Detroit and Mt. Clemens. When finally completed after he left office, the State Administrative Board named the roadway in his honor. A State Historic Marker on Mound north of 12 Mile (at the General Motors Mound entrance) now reminds motorists of his contributions to Warren and Michigan. It should be noted also, that he served two terms as the State’s Attorney General in 1917-1919, and became one of Michigan’s most successful lawyers after his public service years. He never married.By Fred Gemmill Groesbeck Louis Warren Clerk 1854-56, Supervisor 1860-62, 65-66, 70-78 One of the pioneer families of Warren, and another of its prominent members was Louis Groesbeck, born in 1802 to a Groesbeck William and Therese Beaufait on the Beaufait farm just north of Detroit, where he lived until he was 28 years old. He married the former Catherine St. Aubin in 1832, and they raised ten children together in Warren. Their home, near the intersection of Ten Mile and Sherwood (then called State Road), evidently was something of a community meeting place. In 1837, when the state formed the townships, the State Legislature authorized the calling of a meeting of citizens to elect its first slate of officers and they met at the Groesbeck farm on March 11, 1837. Louis’ brother, William, won the office of Clerk but was succeeded after two terms by Louis who stayed in that office through the next three elections (held yearly at an Annual Meeting). Oddly enough, a second brother, Charles, followed Louis in the Clerk’s office. Louis was not finished yet, however, and was elected Supervisor (the top Township office) for five out of the next seven years. (Surprise!, the family was not out of it yet as Francis, son of William, was elected a Justice of the Peace in 1855, and Charles began another career as Supervisor!). By Fred Gemmill. H Halmich Norman, then Postmaster and Storekeeper in the 1940s, displayed in his store a petition to be signed by Catholic parents for religious instruction of children in Warren. Harwood, Arnold was the son of Ahaz and Polly carver Harwood, born in Rutland County Vt Aug 25, 1816. His father was born in Massachusetts in 1791 and his mother in Vermont in 1800. They settled in Marshall, Calhoun Co Michigan in 1839. Arnold moved to Richmond township, Macomb County in 1843, to Mt Clemens in 1844 where he worked until 1846. He bought a farm of forty acres in Warren Township which he partially cleared and sold, bought a farm of eighty acres, on which he cleared thirty, on which he lived for ten years. He was engaged in locating lands for a land company; located 12,000 acres for Gov. Crapo in 1852 and carried on his farm at the same time. He sold his farm in 1863 and purchased 126 acres of improved lands on section 4 where he now resides. He established and ran a lumber yard at Warren Station and in other ways has taken an active part in the development of the township. He was Justice of the Peace in 1853; appointed Notary by Gov K.S. Bingham in 1855 which office he still holds; and Highway Commissioner in 1875. He was married in 1838 to Elizabeth C daughter of Frederick and Sarah A Higgins van Fleet, to whom four children were born. His family belongs to the M E Church of which Mr Harwood was a local preacher for a quarter of a century.. He was a college graduate. He created a pond on his property. (M A Leeson 1882 History of Macomb County Michigan 852-857) Harwood, Homer son of Arnold started the first paper in Warren called the Warren Watchman. According to Harold Stilwell Homer printed it in a building at the side of his father's lumberyard. When his father passes away, he ran the lumberyard and printed the paper. Stillwell said Homer sold a lot of different things at the lumberyard. The paper was a weekly paper. Homer ran a printing business and even did a cleaning business on the side. Hartsig, John came to Michigan in 1828 and settled in Warren Township in 1835. He was one of the first drivers of horse drawn rail road cars in 1838. The maximum speed was 15 miles per hour. Passengers entered at the side and the seats were arranged lengthwise. Hazelton Eloise taught English, Biology, Science Center Line High School 1957 and in 1958 Hazelton Homer Hazelton’s drug store had an ice cream parlor as did many others. In 1928 “the first of the famous Busch Bands was organized by Homer Hazelton.” Hazelton Homer was a Teacher, owner of Hazeltons Drug store vary active community member.he also was on the commission that developed Memorial Park Need More Information Hazen Adalbert G Hazen Grand Knight Father Kramer Knights of Columbus1950-51 HAZEN PAUL GORDON SP4 Army Center Line 23SEP66 S.Vietnam 07SEP44 Hostile Killed GAVE HIS LIFE FOR THE CAUSE OF LIBERTY AND JUSTICE FOR ALL. Paul Hazen was given the Silver Star for his bravery and heroism in the VietNam War. Paul Gordon Hazen who was the son of Adelbert G. Hazen (Center Line Mayor, 1954-1960). and his wife, the former Leona Borsekowski. Paul was born on Sept. 7, 1944 and in 1965 he was drafted into the U.S. Army . On Dec. 4, 1965, SP4 Paul Hazen began a tour of duty in South Vietnam that ended on Sept. 23, 1966 when he died of multiple fragmentation wounds suffered during hostile action. He was the first Center Line soldier to die in the Vietnam war." Paul was the first of our young people to die in Viet Nam. Center Line's Paul G Hazen Drive was named for him Having served in Viet Nam for most of a year and having under 30 days until returning to Center Line Paul G Hazen earned this country’s highest respected medal the Silver Star.He was killed on his last mission in the field. He was only 22 years old. The year was 1966. He was the son of the mayor of Center Line. The Mayor our well remembered Bert Hazen died over 20 years ago. Need More Information Hendrickx, Henry was born in the province of Limburg, Holland; his parents were natives of North Brabant; father died in 1871, mother in 1852. Mr Hendrickx was educated in colleges in Belgium and Holland; after his father's death, he, with two brothers, came to the United states in 1872; continued studies at Cincinnati, and at Westmoreland County Penn.; settled in Warren Township where he established a large grocery house. In 1874 Mr Hendrickx married Miss Gertrude Raltz, daughter of John Joseph Raltz a native of Germany and farmer of Warren. They are the parents of five children. (M A Leeson 1882 History of Macomb County Michigan 852-857)
Hetchler, Becky Served on the Warren Historical Commission 2007-2010-
She was the chair person of Warren Historical Commission in 2009, 2010. She is one of the hardest working members of the Warren historical Society. Awaiting Autobiography
Hipwell Edward He served our country in WWII as a marine in the Pacific. Edward was a teacher of American History and Geography at Center Line High School. He was a good teacher and a positive influence on many students. In later years he taught at Wolfe Middle school.
Hoard Gurton built a home in 1889 which still exists as the Lyle Elliott Funeral Home located at 31730 Mound. This building was a day’s buggy ride from Utica to Detroit and was used as a hotel and later as a residence, boarding house, doctor’s office and apartments.
I Imerzel James This man was an engineer and a salesman in Warren who lived on Marr Street.He did many good deeds for our community not the least of which was as a leader in Boy Scouts and Explorer scouts. He rescued a scout troop that had lost its leadership. He sponsored poor boys so they could go to camp. He led field trips for young people. He provided a good example to many youth. I can say that he taught good ideals, and preparedness and he made a difference in many lives. K
Keffer Sue is the leader and chief organizer of the Warren Historical Society. Because of her many historical projects were carried out. One can not say enough about the fine job she has done in organizing the Warren Historical Society and in carrying out its projects. Whatever the Society is doing she is there coordinating our work. Although she keeps the title of Vice President and allows others to share the title of President there is no doubt that her place is at the top. When ever anyone wants to know where something is or what to do just ask Sue. Awaiting Autobiography
Kluck, Anna was a beautiful writer who wrote a 124 page book named Pioneering in Warren Township. She interviewed several old families and wrote their stories. She allowed a couple of the stories to be published in the Star Reporter newspaper. In looking for her work I have only found 16 pages of her text. Old timers informed me that she demanded money for her work and when the local historical society did not offer it she refused to share it. I have not been able to verify that. She was married to a Center Line photographer. What a shame that her work was withheld and now no one knows if she had children who might have the full text. The most famous section of her text was preserved from an article in the Star Reporter about Center Line. You can view that in my history of Center Line. I will summarize here what little I have found of her work. She states in a Preface that she interviewed Louis Busch who gave information about Busch School. And the sailing of his grandfather to this country in a wooden ship. Joseph and Barbara Wiengartz and Catherine Smith who told the story of St Clement Church. Dan and Joseph Grobbel, Dora Buechel for the story of the Buechel store and first Post Office. And she interviewed Frank Rinke who told his experiences of clearing the land and hauling logs. A very poor copy of a few 15 pages of her book included the following Table of Contents. Warren township, Indian and pre-Indian period. P1 Story of Warren township p 7. Pioneer Land Owners p10. Busch family Voyage p 16. The Weingartz Family p23. Anthony Grobbel Family p27. Pioneering in Warren township p30. Outdoor Ovens p33. The Groesbeck family p34. Gov Alex J Groesbeck p43. Dr Simonds, Pioneer Doctor p52. The plank road p58. Early Railroads p61. St Clement Church p65. Buechel's General Store p85. The Busch School p89. St Paul Church, Warren. P92. Center Line, Orgin of name 94. Village of Center Line p98. The Kaltz Family p123. Village of Warren p128. Her page 5 entitled the Last of the Chiefs is the story of Macomte. This material is found in other sources so this is not lost. He liked to drink and fell through a fence into water at night on the John Tucker farm. Here is a sample of Anna's writing at the bottom of page 5. “Cum-emkum-non was succeeded by his brother, Francis Maconce, an Indian of more than average intelligence, loved by his people and respected by the whites. His wife, a beautiful Indian woman, dressed in the current style and fashion of the white women. She was wekk known locally for her neat home and delicious cooking and often played hostess to Judges Witheral, Sibley and Whipple when they stopped there on their way to St. Clair county.” Here is page 6 which is only a half page. “Francis Maconce made several trips out west to select a new reservation for his people and the bulk of the tribe followed him to the banks of the Osage river in Missouri in the years between 1830 and 1838. Meanwhile, Truckatoe, acting as a sub-chief, became dissatisfied and impatient and left with several members of the tribe for Lakeville in the early 1830s.” “But they are gone. Their wigwams have been replaced by prouder architectural monuments of brick and mortar. Their hunting grounds have been converted into cultivated fields, great cities and super-highways and the bones of their warriors and chiefs lie scattered in various places where once the red man was lord of the soil and rightful owner of the land we occupy.” (Anna Kluck Pioneering in Warren Township) Her Chapter two is the exact word for word minutes of the first Warren Town meeting which she states was written in longhand in a well worn leather bound book kept in a safe in the township office. Her chapter Two also has a small list of the first land buyers. She also quotes a resolution regarding farm animals running at large. “Resolved that Boars shall be restrained from running at large between the 1st day of Man and the 1st day of November under penalty of $5.00.”“Resolved that no stallion shall be allowed to run at large under penalty of ten dollars.” “In 1832 another interesting item appears in the minutes ' Voted that there be eight dollars bounty on wolves killed in the town. “ In Chapter Two she also mentions that Louis Beaufait was one of the first township officers and that his father was justice of the peace and associate justice of the Court of Common Pleas in Detroit and also held military offices in the militia. Louis Beaufait was a soldier in the War of 1812 and presidential elector in 1844. See her narrative on Frank Rinke in this biography collection. Anna Kluck also noted that in Warren township nearly every back year was equipped with an outdoor oven which looked like a bee hive. Since most of the settlers were of foreign birth, they brought with them many tried and tested old country way of doing things. Baking bread in an outdoor oven specially constructed for that purpose was one of them. They were built of brick and lime mortar, measured abut four feet in height and two and a half in width. There were three compartments in each. The grates, placed a few inches from the ground, formed the floor of the baking compartment, which was about 18 inches in high. The space above was rounded on top and formed the flue through which the heat and smoke traveled to the chimney at the end. An iron door closed the oven. The fire was made with measured bundles of sticks set directly in the baking compartment. Some housewives used wood especially cut into small sticks for this purpose; others preferred bundles of twigs. The same amount of fuel was always used so that the heat was always the same. When the last twig had burned out the ashes were carefully scraped from the grates and the week's supply of raised bread set in. After an hour the door was opened and the plump loaves of fragrant brown bread were removed. Pies and cakes were baked in the kitchen ranges, but bread, the staff of life, was trusted only to the outdoor oven. (Anna Kluck) L
Leech Dorothy Corresponding Secretary and working member of the Warren Historical Society. She volunteered to help at all of the Historical Society events. In 2007 she was given a surprise award for her fine work. She is loved by everyone involved with Warren History. Awaiting Autobiography
Leech Hubert active member of Warren Historical Commission for many years.
In 2007 He received a well deserved honor of being chosen for the most distinguished Warren Historical Society Award. Curator of the Warren Historical Gallery and very hard working member of the Warren Historical Society. He did most of the work to set up and maintain our Historical museum.
Leech Hubert Warren Historical Commission 2007, 2008. He also served our country as a member of the U S Coast Guard. He is a man of many talents. He has shown skills in organizing , repairing, motivating and is an artist. He has done as much or more than any individual to help our city. And he does this by being a nice guy as well. He was awarded Citizen of the Year.
Lepanin Wesey was principal of the Ellis and later the Victory Ellis schools. He was a very kind person. Leroy William was a blacksmith with a shop on Van Dyke. He also serviced trucks. Licht Frank Warren Justice 1924, Supervisor 1926-29, 1931, Treasurer 1936-40 Another man who left his mark on the growing communities of the Village of Warren and the Township of Warren was Frank Licht, and it was not just in one area. Early on, he had one of the most unique jobs, and a highly visible one at that. The village needed someone to tend its gasoline street lamps and Mr. Licht was its “Lamp Lighter” for as long as he was needed. We probably have forgotten that early lamps were filled with gasoline at the base and were lighted manually by a long pole with a trigger device. This required the lighter to go to each lamp at dusk to ignite it and at daylight to extinguish it (filling the base as needed). He is believed to have been the Village’s only lighter, but it was not his only job. He went into politics and was elected Township Justice of the Peace in 1914 as a starter. He drew upon his past public exposure then and was elevated to Township Supervisor in 1926 and swept away the competition for six succeeding elections. Not yet finished with public life, he then won election as Township Treasurer for five terms, leaving office finally in 1941 when Frank Wiegand took over. It was during Frank Licht’s tenure as supervisor that residential growth was such that private wells along Van Dyke (such as one the Groesbeck family built and had extended down several streets from Studebaker and Van Dyke) were abandoned and the area connected to the Detroit system. (By Fred Gemmill) Additional info frank was engaged in the garage business in Warren and as the secretary-treasurer of the Warren service Garage Co. He was born in Royal Oak June 2?, 1885. He was a rural mail carrier in that section until making his present connection in this territory. Supervisor Licht was married in 1908 to Margaret Flynn and is the father of two Eunice and Robert. Lutz Fred was the Warren postmaster who came to the village in 1904. He was born in Detroit in 1873. He was a blacksmith and general store proprietor. He operated a hardware store for many years. He has one son Roy. Lynch, Russel was a medical doctor in Center Line and the first mayor of the city. M Markle, Harry Carl was a teacher at Center Line High School in the 1960s. He was a very kind person and was inspirational to many students. I was a very poor kid and he went out of his way to take a foto of my family with me at my graduation and mailed it to me at his own expense. Martin Gail Terese led successful efforts for a St Clement cemetery historical site marker. Mason, J C son of Ichabod and Mary (Beals) Mason, natives of Massachusetts, was born Jan 8, 1834; father died in Feb 1864; mother in Aug 1841. In his fifteenth year he commenced working on a farm by the month; continued until 1854 when he began to learn blacksmithing in New York; continued his trade in Oakland County Mich and established himself permanently in Warren Township. He married Miss Elizabeth Davy, daughter of Elder Charles and Mary Davy Feb 16, 1857, to whom six children were born. The family belong to the M E Church. Mason's wagon, buggy and iron working shops were established March 13 Mile, 1856. He began working as a blacksmith on a small scale, and as business increased added one department after another until now his business includes the manufacture of buggies, wagons, a smithy, paint-shop, foundry, feed-mill, saw-mill. He deals in agricultural implements and is the owner of a valuable property...” (M A Leeson 1882 History of Macomb County Michigan 852-857) Miller Arthur J. Sr. Warren Justice 1947-48, Supervisor 1949-50, 1951, 1953-54, 1955-56 Warren Mayor Jan 1 1957 1959-1961 As the guiding hand for a very distinguished Warren family, Arthur J. Miller left his mark all over the city before his early death in 1964 at the age of 42. Serving from 1949 as Justice of Peace, through the years of 1949-1956 as Supervisor of Warren Township and the shortened life of the Charter Township of Warren, he made his superb reputation as a governmental leader and master politician in a non-partisan environment. He built a team of supporters admired by all of his losing opponents, and was easily accessible by citizens with special problems. He effectively worked to get a bond issue passed that supported the building of a municipal building, DPW garage, fire stations and a state-of-the-art waste water treatment plant. Mr. Miller was in the lead when actions were needed to install the huge storm drains required to alleviate road and basement flooding (using the County Drain Commission as the mechanism to involve other communities that also benefited to pay proportionate costs). It is generally agreed that his greatest accomplishments were related to how he guided the growth of the township into its birth as Macomb County’s number one city. He took risks in urging that a charter township be formed and worked hard to make it happen while serving as supervisor. This change enabled Warren to lay the groundwork for transition to a municipality by organizing the basic infrastructure (both personnel wise and in building and utilities) to support industrial expansion and residential development. The Mayor was able to maintain good relations with Council to do these things, and he made certain that competent department heads in his administration were in place to make things happen when required. Art became Macomb County Clerk and he died still holding that office in 1964 at the age of 42. Paraphrased from Gerald Neil's Diary of a Politician. Fred Gemmill Quotes Gerald Neil in our Warren Historical 2006 recognition booklet “It just might have been that Warren would have prospered as it did had there been no Art Miller, but I'll never believe that. He not only led us out of the mud of the 1940s, he named the goals we should aim for and convinced enough leaders so that his dreams were carried on long after he died.: And those dreams are still being realized to this day! Fred Gemmill. Miller Arthur, Jr. Warren Council1971-1976, elected to the State Senate and, after retirement, continued to help his city as a lobbyist. Moore, Martin G was the proprietor of the courtesy Service Station in Warren Village. He was born in Sterling Township on Jan 31, 1892, attended Sterling district schools. He worked as a salesman for Warren Service Garage Company and as a yard superintendent for Mellon Wright Lumber Company in Royal Oak before opening his filling station business in Warren Oct 3, 1927 with J B Moore as his partner. Mart and Jerry handle Goodyear and Firestone tires, Beste batteriss and accessories as well as gas and oil. Fishing is “Mart's” hobby, hunting his favorite sport. During the war, he worked on Howitzer guns and Enfield rifles in dodge Brothers factory. He married Miss Olive Hartsig on Feb 21, 1914. they have four children, Evelyn Jeanette, Marvin G, Elaine K, Carol J. N Neenay An Indian woman who saved the Governor’s life. In 1820 The new governor of Michigan was Lewis Cass. He had a problem. It seems that rumors were being spread that Michigan was a swamp and terrible place to live. This had happened because surveyors had been sent out during a wet season and found many wet areas. He began a campaign to build roads, lighthouses, and he negotiated land treaties with the remaining Indians. He wanted to see for himself what the state was like so he on a 4,200 mile trip around the state. He and his men camped near where Sault Ste Marie is now located. He met with the local chiefs and asked their permission to build a fort there. They told him, no left the meeting and went over to a wigwam nearby and raised a British flag. Cass walked boldly over to the flagpole with only his interpreter, an Indian woman named Neenay. He told the chiefs thru his interpreter that no foreign flag was to be raised. Then he took the British flag down, stepped on it and removed it to his tent. At this point it was very likely that he would have been killed. But his interpreter who was the daughter of an Indian chief and who had gone to school told the chiefs that it would be unwise to kill him as it would bring in the American Army. And thru her another meeting was set up resulting in permission to build the fort and gifts to the Indians. Had there not been an interpreter or a common language another war would probably happened and thousands would have died. Humans need to communicate with each other especially in emergencies. Have you ever tried to talk to someone who does not understand English. What if your life depended on it? Relating it to today’s world 90% of the world does not understand English now and will not learn it in our lifetime. If a few people in each community would invest ten minutes a day to learning the international vocabulary, we could understand and be understood regardless of the local language. Why has it been mentioned here? Because it can save lives and save the US millions wasted in translating costs at the UN which all ends up in the trash within a short time. It has been scientifically proven to be the most time and cost efficient solution to the world language problem. And is historic fact that many people have died because of language nonunderstandings. O P Pearch William was an industrialist with a tool and die shop on Sherwood. He also served as a scoutmaster. Peters Ron was a photographer in Center Line for many years. He was a deacon at St Clement Church. He was noted for being a kind person. Plunkett Mortimer The Plunket school was a one room school located at State Road and 10 mile Road. The public school was a basic one room structure with out houses and a wood shed. It had a pot belly wood stove with a long stove pipe that ran the length of the building in order to make the most of the heat as it served as a radiator. It had wooden benches for seats with carved desk tops. Later it had oil lamps perhaps replaced by electric bulbs for its last few years. It had a bell tower and most likely a bell. This became known as the Plunkett School because Mortimer Plunkett taught there alone for many years. It appears on a 1875 map Mortimer W Plunkett was the only teacher between 1900 and 1916 and he taught pupils in all classes of all ages.” “Mortimer agreed to accept a salary of $333 to cover ten month teaching. In 1901 he received an increase of $27”. “He worked for $9 per week. R James R Randlett was mayor of Warren from Nov 7 1981 – Nov 8 1983, to Nov 5 1965 Rinke, Frank The following narrative is one of the few surviving chapters of Pioneering in Warren Township by Anna Kluck. Pioneering in Warren Township as Frank Rinke Saw it. “Getting possession of a parcel of land in Warren township during the late 1800's was only the first step of a long and arduous task. All of this area was covered with forest, dense undergrowth and marshes. Trees had to be cut and the brush cleared away and ditches dug to drain off the swamp water. As the first settlers swung their axes into the first tree trunks, bush tailed squirrels scampered up nearby trees and from their lofty vantage point, peered curiously at the noisy invaders of their forest domain. Round eyed coon and timid rabbits stood on their hind legs at a distance and peeped warily through the brush. In the surrounding marshes frogs croaked continuously while clouds of whirring mosquitoes hovered above them. Birds of every hue and color sent their songs echoing through the forest. One after another the tall trees swayed, creaked painfully as they parted from their live giving roots and crashed to the earth. The branches were chopped off and made into cord wood. The trunk, if of good timber, would be taken to the mill to be cut into lumber. In the spring, when the ground was soft, half loads of logs were hauled as far as Beebe's toll gate, the entrance to the plank road in Warren. There the logs were unloaded and the settler went back after another half load of logs. Meanwhile, many stops had to be made to remove the sticky clay from the wagon wheels where it collected in huge amounts. On his return to the toll gate with the second half load, the settler piled the first half back on the wagon and began the long trip to Detroit by way of the Plank road, now known as Sherwood. It required good teamwork on the part of man and beast to make a successful trip. Horses strained at their harnesses, sweating, foaming, panting, while their master encouraged, cajoled or cursed them, according to his temperament. The surrounding woods echoed with French, German and Irish epithets. The horses, being intelligent animals, were expected to understand. If they failed to respond, a slap of the rains across their sweating flanks always helped. Always there were the mosquitoes, buzzing about the ears of the drivers and the horses and man and beast winced at their sharp sting. It took six hours of this to reach the saw mill in Detroit. After the trees were cut and the brush cleared away, a still greater task remained: the removal of the stumps. Since the roots were deeply embedded and entwined in the earth, only the smaller roots were pulled out the first year. They were set aside and allowed to day. The next year they were piled about the larger stumps and set afire, thus burning out the large stump. Meanwhile, the settler plowed between and around them, carrying with him an axe to cut the roots when the plow became embedded in them. An attempt was made to make a straight furrow by placing markers at each end of the field with which to line up. For the first few years corn was raised between the stumps and grew into tall healthy stalks such as is seldom, if ever seen today. Corn was planted because it could he harvested by hand. Grain was not sown until most of the stumps had been uprooted and destroyed. “ (Anna Kluck Pioneering in Warren Township) Rinke John One might think of John Rinke as a bridge between pioneer Warren and the present city complex, since his grandfather purchased their home site at Masonic Avenue and Hoover Road in 1862 and it was where he was born and lived. He was widely known as the head of the Warren Cooperative, a farm supply and mill originally built about 1889, and someone actively in education as he matured. Mr. Rinke was a member of the committee that represented the Agricultural Association of Warren when the mill was purchased in 1919. His interest in the village covered many civic events and organizations, and he was instrumental in helping the local banks reorganize when the depression impacted that small community severely. His interest in education covered service with a Board of Education of a local school for 15 years as it grew from a one-room building to two rooms. As a local farmer, he was involved with 4-H work and often judged animals at their events. Mr. Rinke is known best here by his work with the Warren Township Board of Trustees and the City of Warren Council, on which he served as it made the transition from Charter Township status to an incorporated municipality, which he served until 1959. In keeping with these activities, he also was elected to the Macomb County Board of Supervisors and appointed to the Road Commission. He died in 1980 at the age of 96 and his farm disappeared into a residential development. His life and accomplishments were marked with gratitude with the Warren Historical and Genealogical Society named him as one of its Honorees at a 2006 celebratory banquet. (By Fred Gemmill) Rinke, John continued John grew up in a house built by his father on the site of his grandfather's log cabin of more than a century ago. The old homestead was also Mr Rinke's birthplace 43 years ago oj June 5, 1884. He attended Warren district school and St Clements school in Center Line. Most of his life was spent in farming. When Mr Rinke's grandfather built his log shelter on Trombly in the early days of the Nineteenth Century, the crops were confined to a few acres of land between stumps. Timber wolves and wild life abounded to Mr Rinke, is on the threshold of a great development. The Warren Co operative business was run by John A Rinke manager and Anthony G Weigand secretary-treasurer. “Red” and “Tony” are also directors. Other officers and directors include Louis Busch, president, Ed J Schoenherr, vice president, Fred Schuster, Henry Halmich and Joseph C Murphy. The Warren Co operative was the most famous farmer related business in Warren for the time we had farmers. They sold feed, seed, coal, flour, fertilizer, gasoline, motor oils, farm implements, coffee, and stock and poultry tonics. This firm helped local farmers by keeping prices low. They engaged in co-operative buying and selling of farm and garden supplies, and its slogan is “We Try to Satisfy.” The building was first owned by John Wilson. It was sold to A Van Dyke Church in 1911. Mr Wilson retained the flour mill. Mr church sols to the Warren farm Bureau Local which shortly re-organized as Warren Cooperative company. A warehouse addition was made in 1924 and a front office built, followed by another warehouse in 1926 and a covered shed. In 1927 a gasoline distributing station was installed. A coal car unloader was purchased. Rivard Family The Rivards were the grandchildren of Jean Baptiste Rivard an Acadian, driven from his home by the British. He paddled his way to Detroit by canoe. There he married a German girl who, with her parents, had been captured by the Indians while on a raid in Kentucky an brought to Detroit for ransom. In 1762 John Baptiste re ceived the only grand of land in Detroit whose tielt came through Louis XVI. (Anna Kluck) Rotarius Peter donated two acres of his land on the land on the west side of the “Centre line” about 1854 to start a Christian church in southern Warren. Acres of his land on the land were on the west side of the “Centre line”. Next to him was Johann Weingartz who donated an acre. Rowell, Dotty This wonderful woman was the wife of a veteran. We have not learned the story yet. But we know he died a few years before her. Then the city of Warren decided to create a veterans memorial. Big problem, it seemed that there were lots of medal of honor soldiers but practically no one to pay for them. Dotty decided to use her life savings to pay for all of the metal of honor bricks at Warren's Veterans Memorial. This was several thousand dollars. I happened to be taking fotos there one day and saw this woman . I was in a hurry so didn't spend much time with her but did snap er picture. I found out later what she had done. Then for a long time no one knew where she went. Turned out she died alone leaving no children. I am hoping someone can add more to this story. Schmidt Ben was an internationally famous wood carver decoy maker known around the world. His decoys helped hunters because they were tested. Some of them sell for over a thousand dollars each. He was a famous wood carver who operated out of a shop on Van Dyke. He made many kinds of decoys. People used to come in and watch him carve. Schmidt, Edward E. was the proprietor of Warren Chevorlet Sales Company who came to Warren in 1922. He was born in Clinton township Oct 1, 1894. He worked in garages in Detroit and in several automobile factories and with Eckstein-Lakie company, ford Agents. He opened his own business in Warren april 1927. He married Ida Smitz in 1926. Had a son Edward. Mr Schmidt served as a Village of Warren councilman. Schoenherr Alex founding member of the Center Line Charter Commission in 1925 city councilman 3 3 30 1936 - 4 5 1956 Board of Supervisor 1936, V 1949 There were theater groups in Center Line. In 1927 a theater was constructed on Van Dyke in Center Line at a cost of $110,000. It also had an $8,000 pipe organ. It may have become the Liberty Movie Theater later. Alex M Schoenherr was the president, George D Briggs secretary, George Walsh assistant secretary. The Weigand family was also a stockholder in this venture. Schoenherr family was a pioneer family who settled both in Warren and in Wayne County and for whom the Schoenherr Road was named after according to Gerald Neil. Schoenherr Florence Hellebuyck had lived on the Hellebuyck farm of 29 acres on NE corner of Center Line on 11 mile Road. Schram, Jack Researched and wrote several books about transportation in S Eastern Michigan. He shared his research with others. He continued in his last years to collect more information with his son Ken. He made presentations to historical societies. He was a wonderful person and a big inspiration for many of us. William (Bill) Shaw Was mayor of Warren from April 1961 – April 1967. Awaiting biography Silverhorn This lady was an inspirational librarian at Center Line for many years. Am working on getting more information. Awaiting Autobiography
Slicker Darlyne Has served for years on the Warren Historical Commission. Is President of the Warren Historical Society. Has worked on many historical projects. She gives presentations to children and visitors to the Bunert One Room School. She helped with the Filing of a commerical movie at Bunert School. Awaiting Autobiography
Smith Michael Two men, Joseph A Rinke and Michael Smith opened an hardware and agricultural implements business just north of the church. Later Smith opened a lumber yard at Ten Mile and Sherwood. It was behind this store that the first public water system was created. They built a big wooden tank and shared water from the well with the local farmers and St Clement School. They also installed the first gas pump in 1910 and sold gasoline one gallon at a time.
Smith Norman Fire Chief, fireman 1957-late 1970s Center Line Good fellow, conservator of St Clement Cemetery, auditor Metropolitan Club 1976. Smith Norman was appointed to Sergeant in1957. He was a Sgt. in the Center Line Fire Department 1957- 1966. Smith Norman Chief Center Line Fire Department 1970. He has helped out many charitable organizations. He works with St Vincent De Paul and the Goodfellows. He has helped many people. He is a founding member of the Center line historical Society.
Sorrell, Staley This man was an institution in Warren for at least 50 years. He was a leader in the community. He was the lead pastor at the Van Dyke Baptist church. He retired but continued to lead the “Church of the Wildwood.” on Cunningham. Quite recently his health has gone down and his son has taken over as pastor. He was a positive inspiration and leader in our community for 50 years. Sparks, Mrs This lady was the first librarian in Center Line. From all reports she did an outstanding job for many years. She inspired and helped many of us as children. She was a good influence in the community. Stanley Joseph One of the most respected businessmen in the community of Van Dyke was Joseph Stanley, owner and operator (on a daily basis) of Stanley’s Department Store. Located at the corner of Studebaker (where the vacant Executive Motors building now exists), it provided a variety of small goods and materials for the neighborhood at reasonable prices. The owner was available to meet and talk to about the community if not his business. He was so well respected that in 1960, the Warren Chamber of Commerce cited him as the Citizen of the Year. Mr. Stanley showed his commitment to his community through membership in the Van Dyke Rotary Club, where he was a past president; was a sustaining member of the Boy Scouts, a member of the Community Fund Advisory Board, chaired the United Fund of Warren Township and the War Bond Drive. He was also Treasurer of the Warren Goodfellows. Other past accomplishments included service on the Price Administration Board during the Second World War, on the Greater Warren Chamber of Commerce Board, the City Charter Commission, the Little Hoover Commission, the Planning Commission, the County Red Cross, Warren Bank Board and the Southeastern Michigan Red Cross Chapter. He was also a member of the Fr. Kramer Council Knights of Columbus, Center Line.
He died in March of 1975 at the age of 79 and was entombed in White Chapel Cemetery in Troy after services as Ascension Catholic Church. He was survived at the time by his wife, Sabina, son Gerald and daughters Mrs. Helen Schwalm and Mrs. Wanda Sankey and eight grandchildren. From Fred Gemmill
Mark A Steenbergh was mayor of Warren from Nov 7 1995 Nov 2 99, Nov 2, 99-Nov 8 03, Nov 8 03-Nov 10, 2007.
Steinhaus William 3 30 1936 8 27 1957 Center Line Clerk - Treasurer Center Line Recreation Director 1958. Born in 1893 served among the Polar Bears in the North of Russia for 18 months. He was credited with bringing the city of Center Line out of debt from the depression. This was a courageous and dedicated man according to dozens of people of that time. See Bert Hazen's biography of him in the Warren history. He started as clerk in 1934 and was appointed by every mayor for 23 years thru 1957. He turned down other higher paying offers. He worked long hours without an assistant. He worked sometimes without pay. He saved the Center Line's credit rating during the depression. He worked hard in spite of sleepless nights due to cancer. He deserves recognition as a local hero. He was honored by the people of Center Line by a packed dinner in his honor three months before he died. Stewart Daniel wrote a diary of daily happenings from 1868-1902. He noted the temperature, weather, work that was being done, who died and the cause. Over a thousand pages of actual first hand daily history. There was singins and barn dances and preachins and barn raising Bees, and plowin and quilting Bees. If you read Daniel Stewart's Diary there was even a farmers traveling band. If you visited a neighbor you would most likely be invited for dinner. Stewart Thurston This was a very kind man who lived in Center Line. He found an anchient Indian relic on his property. He preserved several historical books including Danial Stewart's Diary. Stilwell Harold Printing company businessman, City of Warren Charter commission member, Council Secretary 1961. He served as Secretary of Warren’s Council during years when it was not easy being unaffected by agendas being pushed by some faction or another, but his wisdom usually won out over passions. He served also on Warren’s Charter Commission during 1956-57 and worked diligently to see that administrative, judicial and legislative bodies were set up to assure taxpayers that hasty decisions or partisan agendas were stalled by deliberate debate. As part of the Commission, he sought outside advice of experts on what form of government worked best for the third largest city in Michigan. He was a dedicated history buff and was often sought out by reporters writing stories on Warren’s early days. He served on the Cultural Commission as well, and was recognized numerous times as a Citizen of the Year or for special honors by organizations. Mr. Stilwell, born in 1907, was survived by his wife Rose and two children, Judy and Ray, when he died in 1987. By Fred Gemmill Theut George L First Chief Village of Center Line Fire Department 1926 Organized the Center Line Fire Dept. Had a new 1926 American LaFrance 750 GPM pumper and 18 volunteers. It was the only fire department in the 36 square mile Warren Township until 1939 when Warren Township organized its fire department. Thompson Max As someone who had seen an educational system working from the elementary right through to the top administrative post of Superintendent of the Van Dyke Public School System, Max Thompson was perhaps the most logical person to see the value of a community college in his community and to successfully work for its establishment in 1954. For these and other accomplishments, the Greater Warren Chamber of Commerce honored Mr. Thompson in 1964 as Citizen of the Year. While he was apparently surprised at the dinner ceremony, those attending certainly were aware of the reasons for the honor being bestowed. They knew that he had served his nation in World War II in the U.S. Navy’s medical services based in San Diego, California, was active in the Boy Scouts, Red Cross, Rotary Club, United Foundation and various educational associations and committees. At the time, he was the Superintendent of Van Dyke Schools, being appointed in 1950. He had been elevated from his position as Principal at Lincoln High School and overall had served the system for over 25 years. He branched out even further into the Warren community when he became chairman of the City’s Police and Fire Civil Service Commission and then was elected to the Board of Trustees of the Macomb County Community College. His early background included a stint of laying rail tracks for the Michigan Central which ran through his home town of Parma, attended Alma College, taught various sciences at Keego Harbor and Farmington (where he was a high school principal). He retired in 1967 and died in 1971 at 65 years of age. By Fred Gemmill U Underwood Orba Floyd Warren Council 1969-1982, 1987-1990 One of the strongest voices of labor ever to be elected to the Warren City Council and the Macomb County Board of Commissioners, Orba Underwood made no secret of his connection to labor unions in the area during his tenure of these bodies. It was common for him to look at developments of projects and businesses as to how they might affect the welfare of the ordinary laborer or skilled tradesman. He was first elected to the Council in 1961 and retained this seat until 1969, then won election to the Commission in 1969 and remained until 1977. Mr. Underwood was born in Knoxville, Tenn., attended the University of Tennessee for one year before moving to Detroit. He and his wife settled in the area that was to become the City of Warren in 1939, and soon became involved in the auto industry and the labor movement. He was a key organizer in the UAW in Macomb County during the 1940’s, later serving as president on UAW Local 235 at the Chevrolet Gear & Axle Plant in Hamtramck and as financial secretary and treasurer at the Warren Chevrolet Plant. He was a machinist by trade and after more than 21 years at General Motors retired in 1977. He was also a lifetime member of the Oddfellows of Warren and belonged to the Dads of VFW in Warren. Mr. Underwood was also a Mason for 40 years. Among other civic accomplishments, he was actively involved in getting the County Social Services building located in the Warren Civic Center as well as South Macomb Hospital at 12 Mile and Hoover (now St. John’s of Macomb). By Fred Gemmill W Warblow F A While representing the Warren Rural Telephone Company Mr Warblow built more than 100 miles of telephone lines. Together with his wife he gave the first 24 hour telephone service in Warren. His wife formerly amanda Rose Winter, operated the switchboard during the daytime and both of them were on duty at night. He increased the list of subscribers to the service from 130 to 275. The source of this did not give a year but a guess of around 1920 for a year. He was married in 1917 and have a daughter Elaine. Warren Abel and Sarah Warren Pioneers (Thanks to Brandon and Challis Warren) Abel Warren was a pioneer and also a war hero who became particularly beloved to the early pioneers and was held in very high esteem so much so that the area near the future village of Warren was called Abe’s circuit or Warren’s circuit. The area was later named Aba Township and on March 26, 1839 it was renamed Warren Township. Fred Gemmill states in the Official hhistory “Abel Warren was a pioneer Christian circuit preacher and war hero who became particularly beloved to the early settlers and was held in very high esteem, so much so that the area near the future Village of Warren was called “Abe’s circuit” or “Warren’s circuit.” The area was later named Aba Township and on March 26, 1839 was renamed Warren Township. (Note: This review of Rev. Warren’s life is presented as a means of honoring one of our important citizens, and is not intended to make a statement as to whom our township and city was named after - Editors).“I have fought a good fight. I have finished my course. I have kept the faith” is the inscription on Mr. Warren’s grave marker in Shelby, Macomb County. This nicely depicts a life of service wherein he is said to have married more pioneers and spoke at more of their burials than any other person. His life experiences included service in the War of 1812, where, as a seriously wounded soldier, he was taken prisoner by the British and his near-death made him acutely aware of the value of life. In 1817, he became a Christian and joined the Methodist Church shortly before bringing his wife Sarah to Macomb County and settling just north of Warren. He became a deacon and later an elder in the church, was the first man to preach in Macomb County and was a circuit rider who traveled around the county, speaking, marrying and helping to start several churches. It is believed he was instrumental in the formation of the first Methodist church in Warren, in which his son was one of the earliest pastors. Historian Wesley Arnold located some of his descendants and they feel that since he was so well respected in the area and that family legends are such that it is very likely the citizens wanted to honor him by naming the township after him, first by calling it Aba’s (many of the pioneers spoke different languages and Aba was a mis-pronouncement of Abel’s circuit) then later calling it Warren’s circuit (which later got shortened to Warren).Reverend Warren, who was born August 3, 1789 in Hampton, Washington County, New York, died on September 5, 1862 in Shelby”. By Fred Gemmill Chalis Warren Brandon's Grandfather who researched and found living relatives of the Warren that the Warren Township was named after. He drove historian Wesley Arnold to see them up in Shelby Township where we found out about Abel Warren. He then drove to the burial place of Abel Warren. Warren Brandon was instrumental in helping this historian locate the true Warren family for whom Warren Township was named. Brandon was a college student with Wesley Arnold as his professor. He offered to help on our local history project. Unfortunately he died of a brain anusiem when only 22 years old. Joseph Warren was a hero of Bunker Hill who never set foot in our area and was not even known to our pioneers who lived here. Joseph Warren had died 64 years earlier. Joseph Warren was born in Roxbury, Mass. 11 June, 1741; died in Charlestown, Mass., 17 June, 1775 in the battle of The Battle of Bunker Hill in the United States Revolutionary War for Independence. On 18 April, observing the movements of the British troops, Dr. Warren dispatched William Dawes, and Paul Revere to sound the alarm to the American people. He was chosen as president Provincial congress, and thus became chief executive officer of Massachusetts under this provisional government. On 14 June he was chosen second major-general of tile Massachusetts forces. On the 16th he presided over the Provincial congress. The next day upon hearing that the British troops had landed at Charlestown, he rode over to Bunker Hill. As he was rallying the militia, he was struck in the head by a musket-ball and instantly killed. Both of these Able and Joseph Warren were war heroes and had honorable lives and both deserve to be remembered. But which one was actually the one they named the Township after is not important. Harold Stilwell favored Able and I have newspaper articles proving that. We know that the pioneers admired the local Abel Warren. We are reasonably sure that they did not even know about Joseph Warren. So let’s honor both of them. There is room to do this. So let the Warren name honor two great men both named Warren. And let it honor a great pioneer family. It is the right thing to do and it is what the pioneers themselves would have wanted. Weier Fred the last working farmer in Warren, preserved historical information, worked on historical preservation Need More Information Weier Ida Last of the Bunert pioneers. Ida Weier told the school district that the mound on her property was a burial ground and wanted all remains to be treated in a Christian manner. See write up in Wes's Warren Continued Weigand There were theater groups in Center Line. In 1927 a theater was constructed on Van Dyke in Center Line at a cost of $110,000. It also had an $8,000 pipe organ. It may have become the Liberty Movie Weigand Theater later. Alex M Schoenherr was the president, George D Briggs secretary, Weigand Andrew was appointed Fire Chief by the city council in 1943. He served in that position until 1947 when he took charge of the Highway Department. Johann Weingartz who donated an acre of his land on the land on the west side of the “Centre line” about 1854 to start a Christian church in southern Warren. This became St Clement Church. Z
Zamora Madelyn is an active working member of the Warren Historical Society and Warren Historical Commission 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010. Her work had made a difference in the recording of history in Warren. Awaiting Autobiography
Zamora Oscar Village Historic District Commission 2008. He is also a working member of the Warren Historical Society. He has helped on many projects. Awaiting Autobiography
Mary Zielinski Mayor of Center Line 11/3/81 11/8/93 and -2009 City councilwoman 1975-81. She has a long record of public service. Awaiting Autobiography
World War One Veterans Blondeel, Kamiel
Son of Charles and Elodie Blondeel, of Warren, was born in Belgium, April 21 1898. He entered the service at Camp Custer November 2, 1917. Killed in action in France, October 17, 1918, while serving with Company H, Seventh U.S. Infantry. Buried in Plot G, Row 25, Grave 18, Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery, Romagne, France. Gietzen, William Ferdinand
Son of Nicholas Gietzen of Warren, was born February 23, 1896. Served with the 128th Infantry Regiment, 32nd Infantry Division. Died August 29, 1918. Buried in Plot D, Row 40, Grave 18, Oise-Aisne American Cemetery, Fere-en-Tardenois, France. Grobbel Clement decorated World War I Veteran was among 500 American soldiers in the Polar Bear Force sent to Russia to put down the Bolshevik uprising. He gave up the police chief's job in Center Line to work for the water department until his retirement. Awaiting biography Meyer, John A.
Of Warren, born June 22, 1890. Killed in action in France on July 15, 1918. Buried in St. Clement's Cemetery. Reid, Neil Warrenner
Son of James Melvin and Mary Warrenner Reid, was born at Warren June 15, 1899. He enlisted with the 31st Regiment Michigan National Guard September 21, 1917. He was transferred to Company G, 126th Michigan Infantry, 32nd Division, and was made Corporal. He was killed in action in France August 2, 1918. Thimian, Edward W.
Son of John and Anna Thimian, was born August 18, 1892, at Warren. Entered the service at Camp Custer July 13, 1918 and died there October 13, 1918. Buried in Warren Union Cemetery. Jannus, Roger W.
Was born December 25, 1886, and enlisted in the service April 1917. He was transferred to the air service, and was killed at Issoudun, France, September 4, 1918. Stevens, Ormal Dewey
Son of Ormal B. Stevens and Sarah Stevens of Warren, was born December 3, 1898. He enlisted with the U.S. Marines in January, 1918. Was trained at Parris Island, S.C., where he became sergeant. He was sent to France in May, 1918, and died from wounds received in the battle of the Marne, July 19, 1918. Buried in Warren Union Cemetery. Vietnam War Veterans Wesley Arnold humble historian The late Old humanitarian and historian Wesley Arnold had an outstanding record of service to his community. He grew up in a very financially poor home without a father. He joined a local Boy Scout troop which promptly folded. As a child he took on a leadership position and actually ran the troop for several years with marginal help of failing volunteer adults. He was elected president of the Explorer council of the Detroit Area. He ran collection drives for the needy and was a junior First Aid Instructor. He enlisted in the US Army and served his country honorably for four years. He was a volunteer Fireman in Center Line. He worked his way thru several college degrees while running his own photography business. He was a Red Cross volunteer for many years and a Red Cross Social Worker Disaster Worker and First Aid Instructor. He earned a Masters Degree in Teaching from Wayne State University, taught at every grade level, and adult education and as a Professor at Macomb Community College where he retired in 2009. He wrote a book entitled “Amplenomics Ample For All Can Be Created Workable Solutions and Insights into The Problems of Our Time” He also researched and wrote the 20 volume History of Warren and Center Line and collected over 8,000 historic Fotos. He had done a Doctoral dissertation on finding the easiest language for international communication and researched and wrote “International Vocabulary” with associated dictionaries. [The world has over 1000 languages in use and many people die every year due to language non-understanding. This is the Easiest and most time and cost effective means of inter-language communication also known as “The easiest Language. See http://easiestlanguage.info/ ] Most of his books on history and language and social problems may be found at macombhistory.us After retirement he became a concerned citizen activist for the local community. He was often seen with his veteran cap lecturing at Warren City Council Meetings or other public events. Although he preferred to preserve and share our American Heritage he felt he had to take on issues such as a Library Board and Library director and city council who wanted to close our neighborhood libraries. He took them all on even though he was in poor health. Several of times he stood at meetings to talk about issues even though he was suffering severe pain from torn ligaments and muscles in his right leg. Another unknown fact was that he risked his life as a witness against some local thugs and against a local terrorist group even though they threatened to cause him to have a fatal accident if he did not take down his web page exposing them. That is why he became the late Wesley Arnold. He gave up much financially and risked his life to publicly promote American Heritage namely “Our Flag stands for Freedom with Liberty and Justice for All. Freedom isn’t Free Be Prepared to defend it soon. Beware of those who want to limit your freedom of speech and take away your rights. He stated political correctness is censorship. He promoted a standard of conduct for all humans to be “Don’t do to others what you would not want done to yourself. Bring no harm to another by your action or inaction. Make Love one Another and Kindness the standard and expectation of all human conduct.” He felt that History should be taught in our schools and that we should learn from history so as to not repeat the mistakes of the past. He truly was a humanitarian and humble historian. He also served as a commissioner on the Warren Historical Commission. Millenchamp John veteran of Center Line severely wounded in Vietnam. He was still in bad shape years after getting out of the service. He is always looking up to be aware of rockets or airplanes. Snow Larry Vietnam Veteran holder of silver star, several bronze stars and purple hearts and many other medals. He was in the 11 the Calvary Division Vietnam ant the 2nd Cav, Europe and many other units. He stated one day after he got out of the army he was at the tech plaza shopping center and across the street they fired a test round from a tank/ He stated that he found himself snuggled under a low car. All this was just a usual battle reaction. He is going to write up an autobiography per my request. Several other soldiers are deceased and I will never be able to tell their story. They are in many cases heroes, If you ask most of us we don't look at ourselves as heroes just guys who did their duty. It is too bad that today too many folks don't have any idea what duty is. I believe it is expressed in The Americans Creed. The American's Creed is the official creed of the United States of America. It was written in 1917 by William Tyler Page as an entry into a patriotic contest. It was adopted by the U.S. House of Representatives April, 3 of the next year. “ I believe in the United States of America, as a government of the people, by the people, for the people; whose just powers are derived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a republic; a sovereign Nation of many sovereign States; a perfect union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of freedom, equality, justice, and humanity for which American patriots sacrificed their lives and fortunes. I therefore believe it is my duty to my country to love it, to support its Constitution, to obey its laws, to respect its flag, and to defend it against all enemies.” — William Tyler Page, The American's Creed rev 5 31 2010